Brown Swiss Cattle Breeders' Association of America, Beloit, WI, Handbook of Australian Livestock, Australian Meat & Livestock Corporation,1989, 3rd Edition. Updates? Brown Swiss Most dairy historians agree that Brown Swiss or Braunvieh cattle are the oldest of all dairy breeds. # picoftheweek # morethanmilk # brownswiss Characteristics of Brown Swiss Cattle . This breed has found favour in Italy, Austria, Hungary, the United States, Mexico, and the South American countries. These cattle were subsequently sold to D. Hall, Providence, Rhode Island, and D.G. The coat is usually a light grayish brown, but varies from almost white to gray or dark brown. Omissions? The muzzle is … Concerning the origin of the Brown Swiss, Prentice,1 who made an exhaustive study of the origin of the various dairy breeds, has stated: Brown Swiss cattle, therefore, first became prominent among dairy breeds about a 100 years ago. A Brown Swiss Cattle Breeders Association, which was organized in Switzerland, has been active in promoting shows and in the production testing and classification of the breed. After the turn of the 19th century agricultural conditions in Switzerland were much improved; lands in many of the 22 cantons (similar to states) of Switzerland were put under fence, and crops of turnips, beets, and improved hays were introduced. document.write('animal-science-mail-form'); The robustness and functionality of the Brown Swiss breed are the basis for its long productive and reproductive career. Their milk is ideal for making cheese because of its high protein-to-fat ratio. Many of them carried a light-colored or light grayish stripe down their backs. I work with a few farms (as a milk tester) that have Brown Swiss. Please mail your original copies with our email form Brown Swiss, cattle breed native to Switzerland and probably one of the oldest breeds in existence. However, about 25 percent of the area is covered with rocks, lakes, rivers, snow-capped mountains, and glaciers, and there are only about eight million acres of productive land of which one half is used for hay and pasture. Sighetu Marmatiei Str. A.C.T. The harsh climate in the Alps demands a special type of cow that can withsta… There has been extremely little promotion of the Brown Swiss breed in its native country although it has been exported to Russia, Italy, Germany, the United States, and many other countries where it has gained a very favorable reputation. X Research source Most North American cattle producers have a criteria for differentiating the different types of beef breeds. Popa Lupu nr. Meat, milk and draft power are all capabilities of this breed. The average Brown Swiss cow weighs about 1,500 lbs. New Generation Genetics is your resource for Brown Swiss genetics. The exact date when this fashion arose is not certain, but it was at some time in the first half of the 19th century. The first Brown Swiss cattle were brought to the United States in 1869 by Henry M. Clark of Belmont, Massachusetts, who visited the canton of Schwyz and secured a bull and seven females from Col. G. Burgi of Arth, Switzerland. The beautiful brown cows were developed in the north-eastern part of Switzerland. Originating in the Swiss Alps, Brown Swiss adapt well to high altitudes and hot or cold climates, while producing large volumes of milk, ideal for cheese-making. In the US, the six most common breeds are Holstein, Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, Milking Shorthorn, Guernsey, and Jersey, and each of them have specific characteristics making them suitable to certain climates or operations, and their milk desirable to a certain market of consumers. Black hooves are the rule, and for good reason, as the Swiss is known for her hard, sturdy, and long lasting feet. While these cattle are classified as a dairy breed in the United States, they are often considered a dual-purpose breed elsewhere, as they are heavier boned and thicker fleshed than the cattle of the other dairy breeds. NOTE: The form can also be used for Comments, Suggestions, and Corrections. Brown Swiss boast a low somatic cell count, contributing to a life span longer than most other dairy breeds. Brown Swiss cows are good, persistent milkers, producing milk of average butterfat content as compared with other breeds of dairy cattle. Cheesemakers and caretakers of the cattle accompany the herds to the mountains during the summer months, but as fall approaches, the cattle are returned to the lower lands where they are stabled or housed for the winter. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS; The Brown Swiss cattle are a large breed of cow that has a large girth, long legs and straight back. 1 E. Parmalee Prentice, American Dairy Cattle, Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc., New York, 1942. Since no records of the breed were maintained for a good many decades after the formation of the breed, it is altogether possible that other cattle could have been used in the improvement. They are used in a commercial capacity to upgrade the beef characteristics of Zebu cattle. McCormick, Chicago, Illinois; William Koch, New York, New York; J.C. Eldridge, Middle Falls, New York; E.M. Barton, Hinsdale, Illinois; and McLaury Brothers of New York. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Braunvieh Cattle Characteristics Braunvieh cattle are medium to large animals. This temperament makes the cow easy to manage within the herd which help to reduce work time ! Brown Swiss were first introduced into the U.S. in 1869. Their coat is usually a light grayish brown (but varies from almost white to … Brown Swiss cows are good, persistent milkers, producing milk of average butterfat content as compared with other breeds of dairy cattle. Their unique ability to yield high components with an ideal fat-to-protein ratio sets them apart from other dairy breeds. Unimproved cattle similar to the Brown Swiss have been in this territory for a considerable period of time. Perhaps the oldest of all dairy breeds, Brown Swiss originated in the valleys and mountain slopes of Switzerland around 4000 B.C., according to some historians. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The Alps separate Switzerland on the southern border from Italy, and the Jura Mountains form the boundary between Switzerland and France. Their hooves, muzzle, and switch are usually black. --> In 1882, Scott and Harris, Wethersfield, Connecticut, imported 19 cows, and in 1889, George W. Harris of the firm established a purebred herd later operated by his sons, George M. and Rodney W., of Wethersfield, Connecticut. Characteristics. Improvements in cheese manufacturing that were made about in 1825 created a market for an increased quantity of milk. Characteristics: Brown Swiss vary in color from silver to dark brown and are large with large ears. Go on a field trip or road trip and see if you can find farms and ranches with BS cattle. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Their strong stature makes them very resilient, and free of common cattle problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 3 types of milk, originating from Holstein-Friesian (HF), Brown Swiss (BS), and mixed of both breeds, on vat milk characteristics, cheese yield, and quality in 3 different typical Italian cheese-making conditions (Casolet, Vezzena, and Grana Trentino). One of these was the bull Junker 2365, dropped in 1904, which became Grand Champion at the National Dairy Shows in 1907, 1908, and 1909. The canton of Schwyz was the scene of most of the early improvement, and in Switzerland the breed is often referred to as Schwyer or Brown Schwyzer. The gestation period of brown swiss cattle is quite long and requires extra care. Brown Swiss cattle can be a variety of colors, ranging from very light silver to very dark gray. 2 Dorsa M. Yoder and Jay L. Lush, "The Genetic History of the Brown Swiss Cattle in the United States," Journal of Heredity, 28(4), 154-160, 1937. The average Brown Swiss cow weighs about 1,500 lbs. light to dark brown, the Brown Swiss breed is known for its black nose, tongue, and tail and its lightly colored band around the muzzle. Here the climate is very enjoyable most of the year with an average mean temperature of about 50 degrees F. The plain has an annual rainfall of approximately that of the midwestern Corn Belt region of the United States, but in the mountainous regions the winters are very severe and excessive rainstorms are common during the summer months. which makes them the biggest and strongest dairy breed. Their hooves, muzzle and switch are usually black. The Brown Swiss breeds are light brown in their appearance with a cream like white muzzle and a dark nose.