When tested, you want 8-12% protein, low end of normal range of ESC (4.7-10.9%), and low end of normal range of starch (1.5-4%). As a result, you should avoid feeding them traditional grains, treats, or even pasture. ... Oat hay is also quite high in sugar, so it is not a good option for insulin resistant horses… The benefits of feeding a legume, like alfalfa, but keeping the balance in your horse’s nutrition and energy levels by also feeding them a grass hay. Nets that are designed as slow feeders can more effectively control hay intake. Legends CarbCare Balancer Pellet is designed for easy keeper horse, pony and miniature horse breeds that are prone to IR and laminitis and require little to no grain. Hay provides fiber to steady glucose levels. Dry lots are recommended for insulin resistant horses. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those that are insulin resistant (IR). Subscribe to Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox. A grain, alfalfa and molasses free pelleted feed. Answers for Insulin Resistant Horse • Spread the hay — make horses walk to multiple small piles in the field to increase exercise. • Sugar-free candy for diabetics. His teeth are good his hay is good and in a slow feeder bag and he gets 1 cup of soaked and rinsed beer pulp pellets morning and night along with 1 cup of MVP and I don't know know what else to do, Jessica Find out with the Legends MicroSteed Ration Wizard. The starch category is the same as always. By being proactive, you guide them away from the edge. Any stress such as surgery, vaccines, mild colic, diet change, weather changes, or infections can push them off the edge into Laminitis. These products have low ESC values (10%) and low fat values (3-5%). Restrict the amount of concentrates as much as possible and give, if possible, only a complete vitamin and mineral supplement, such … What are legumes? Ideally, your horse should get some fresh grass, some hay, some grain, and some snacks. Feeding the Insulin-Resistant Horse Safely, By Martin W. Adams, PhD, PAS – Equine Nutritionist for Cargill Animal Nutrition, Possible Link Between Selenium and Cribbing in Horses, Hot Blood, Warm Blood, Cold Blood in Horses. Dr. Stephen Duren outlines the best forage for free feeding horses with insulin resistance that might be susceptible to laminitis. This cycle is not helped by promoting more fat with a high fat diet. Though not typically found in horse feeds, it's worth considering as an additional supplement for the insulin … We know serious, but how well do we understand the dangers? The benefits of feeding a legume, like alfalfa, but keeping the balance in your horse’s nutrition and energy levels by also feeding them a grass hay. Insulin is a “trigger” that causes laminitis, a seriously debilitating disease, as high blood insulin levels have been correlated with increased risk of clinical laminitis. They all contribute to the equine community in unique ways, including sponsored riders and equine blogs and research. Not all horses affected with PPID also have insulin resistance. High carbohydrate and higher sugar diets can be detrimental to the health of your horse and can trigger problems with overproducing insulin. • Orchard Grass Hay is very similar to Timothy Grass Hay. Soaking hay if it is known to contain high amounts of sugars (> 10 to 12% soluble sugars) in hot water for 30 min or cold water for 60 min prior to feeding. There is even less information available for feeding horses … Alfalfa and the Insulin Resistant Horse — The True Story. Straw is often touted as a low NSC (non-structural carbohydrates) feed source for insulin resistant horses because, while not terribly … They all contribute to the equine community in unique ways, including sponsored riders and equine blogs and research. The sugar and starch in a horse's diet is called the non-structural carbohydrates, or NSC. Rice bran has an ESC level of about 25 which is very close to that of Wheat bran (30). Why? In most insulin-resistant horses, we’re trying to reduce weight, so feed less hay (1.8% or 18 pounds of hay). For a 500-kg (1,100-lb) horse, this would be 500 g per meal in the concentrate. Eating the right foods in the proper amounts can help control carbohydrate metabolism, an important factor when managing horses at risk for laminitis or insulin resistance. However, there is a lack of information available for nutrition and management strategies of those horses that recovered from laminitis or have a sensitivity to sugars and starches … Insulin resistance (IR) occurs when body cells that use insulin to regulate the uptake and metabolism of blood glucose become less sensitive to the effects of insulin, meaning that insulin is required in greater amounts to keep blood glucose concentrations within normal amounts. Hay is Essential in Helping Prevent Laminitis. Don’t panic. Because many horses with ID are also obese, feeding to promote weight loss is a good step toward improving insulin sensitivity. These special feeds are very concentrated, so you will feed only a small amount to your horse each day. The group has conducted research on feeding concentrates to horses with IR and found they are more sensitive to dietary components that are absorbed as glucose, which are starch and simple sugars, which can also be defined as nonstructural carbohydrates or NSC. Two leading researchers explain insulin's effects on the body and how to manage the insulin-resistant horse. • Spread the hay — make horses walk to multiple small piles in the field to increase exercise. She doesn’t work, so instead of turning the protein into muscle her body turned it into fat. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those that are insulin resistant (IR). You love to give them and your horse loves to get them. Here, we tackle concentrated feeds, aka grains, for the insulin-resistant horse. Feeding low glycemic index feeds, like plain beet pulp and warm-season grasses, will also help to lower blood glucose and insulin. It is one of the best parts of having a horse. Sugar highs (hyperglycemia) and sugar lows (hypoglycemia) are the culprits. Manage Feed Concentrates: It is imperative that the insulin resistant or IR prone horse be fed low sugar and starch concentrate and supplements if a feed is needed in addition to hay. The best hay for an insulin-resistant horse is one with a lower nonstructural carbohydrate (NSC < 12%), or more specifically, lower sugar content. Many commercial small mesh hay nets have holes that are too big. Expert Tips for Feeding Insulin Resistant Horses. There is a lack of information available for feeding and management strategies for horses suffering from Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS), such as obesity, laminitis or insulin resistance. Normal horses can get up to 1% of body weight in grain a day for maintenance: 10 pounds of grain in a 1,000 pound horse. Legends CarbCare Balancer Pellet is designed to be fed at the rate of 0.01% of body weight daily. • Timothy Grass Hay is a good choice, and generally easy to acquire. Huge starch. This may increase the risk of laminitis for individuals that are insulin resistant. The key to feeding an insulin-resistant or laminitis-prone horse incorporates grass intake management, hay testing, and regulated feeding of snacks and grain. The important thing is to know what can and cannot be eaten. This can lead to a laminitis trigger. Insulin resistant (IR) horses and previously foundered horses should consume feed and hay that have an NSC value of 10% or less. • Beet Pulp with no molasses added (see equinemedsurg.com for best way to prepare beet pulp). Taking these findings into consideration, says Bailey, “the general advice for owners of EMS-prone horses and ponies would be to avoid high-grain concentrate feeds and spring pasture which may produce the sorts of high insulin levels that drive insulin resistance and increase the risk of laminitis. Cushing's disease, a condition common in older horses, occurs when a tumor has grown in the pituitary gland in the brain and puts out large amounts of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). Whenever possible, eliminate competition for hay among herd members. Lite. Both need to be strongly avoided in these horses. Eating the right foods in the proper amounts can help control carbohydrate metabolism, an important factor when managing horses at risk for laminitis or insulin resistance. If someone tells you Alfalfa is a problem in Insulin Resistant horses, they do not have the facts. Ration balancers are low … The causes and effects of insulin resistance, as well as its diagnosis and treatment, as well as some tips on feeding the insulin resistant horse will be provided. You know that your horse is at a high risk of developing laminitis, and you want to avoid that at all costs. • Candy – only use special candy (see good snacks). NSC represents the total amount of starch and sugar contained in a feedstuff. All three provide high-quality grains and feeds for all different kinds of horses. There are many supplements on the market for Insulin … It is difficult to give you a definite answer on what type of hay is best because the amount of sugar in the hay can vary even within types. You've taken away the sweet feed, removed all cereal grains, stopped giving your horse carrots, searched on line for the latest supplement for treating insulin resistance, and put your horse … *Note: For horses with Insulin Resistance or Cushings Syndrome that are overweight, we recommend Empower Topline Balance as the proper nutritional solution. Slow feeder hay systems can help since many insulin resistant horses tend to gobble hay. Consider putting the hay in a hay net, or even a double net. High fat diets can cause a crisis. All three provide high-quality grains and feeds for all different kinds of horses. Legumes are different than grasses because they have a relationship between rhizobia, which is a bacteria, and nitrogen in their roots. Sign up for free now! We had the pleasure of meeting with Bob Hill to discuss his horse Bonanza’s Silver Son (Bo). When assessing your horse for signs of Insulin Resistance (IR) it is important to look at the whole symptom profile. The cookies at the tack shop also need to be avoided. Grains have more, hay generally has less, but every time your horse eats, he’s taking in glucose precursors. Horse feed without sugar. Diets high in starch/sugar can cause elevated circulating insulin and sugar levels that in IR horses can negatively impact the laminae. by Horses with insulin resistance (IR) have an excessive insulin response to blood sugar. The new category for sugar content of hay/fresh grass is called ESC (ethanol soluble carbohydrate, also called Simple Sugars), referring to sugars and a partial amount of fructans. If you’re told that the way to avoid laminitis in an insulin-resistant horse is to feed it only hay and keep it on a dirt lot, you are getting inadequate and incorrect information. Horses with insulin resistance (IR) have an excessive insulin response to blood sugar. Many herbs that can be used for the insulin resistant horse are the same ones I would prescribe for an individual suffering from type 2 diabetes, a condition very similar to insulin resitance, which produces many of the symptoms we see in insulin resistant horses (obesity, lethargy, poor circulation, muscle wastage, etc.). The main point is not to add more rice bran or wheat bran to the diet. Feeding beet pulp that has been … The best treatment for Cushings in horses involves an approach that includes managing the symptoms and hormonal imbalances associated with it. Title: Nutrition for the Metabolic/Cushingoid Horse Author: jmurdock Created Date: 3/1/2011 2:03:43 PM Horses do not need a bagged … Feeding small (less than 0.5% of body weight) and frequent concentrate meals produces less deviation in insulin and glucose concentrations and is less likely to complicate insulin resistance. In the winter, grass options are lost, so grain is even more important at this time. The key to feeding an insulin-resistant or laminitis-prone horse incorporates grass intake management, hay testing, and regulated feeding of snacks and grain. Feed timothy or Bermuda grass hay, beet … It is difficult to give you a definite answer on what type of hay is best because the amount of sugar in the hay … By: Shannon Pratt-Phillips, Ph.D. | January 28, 2020. Instead, the nutritional … Bo is a 17-year-old trail horse that has suffered from insulin resistance and … Like these four feeds, Purina Mills’ Well-Solve is a low ESC, low fat feed; however, due to a protein content of 12%, a 1000-pound horse would require 5 pounds of feed per day, instead of just 1 pound. Again, our goal: some grass, some hay, some grain, some snacks. A grain, alfalfa and molasses free pelleted feed. Avoid Totally: Wheat hay, Oat hay, Barley hay. It’s a ration balancer offering a blend of the essential amino acids, vitamins, and minerals your horse needs to look and feel its best, including unique support for better topline health. Some people, though, just don’t want to feed alfalfa — they believe it causes laminitis. Feeding and Management Strategies There are many scientific studies describing feeding and management strategies for horses suffering from metabolic syndrome, such as obesity, laminitis or insulin resistance. Restricting forage intake by too much may increase the risk of colic, gastric ulcers and oral stereotypies. Insulin resistance is a problem that has recently been documented in horses, ponies and donkeys. more than 3 years ago, Frank K. Reilly, DVM, and Jenna E. Smedley, DVM. Shes 16.1hh and put 1/4 cup of split peas in her feed morning and night for 4 weeks and she gained visibly! Since these horses usually require relatively little feed to maintain their weight, they are commonly referred to as “easy keepers.” Unregulated insulin-resistant horses get fat and typically deposit fat in areas such as the crest of the neck or over the tail head. A mineral balanced and low-carb, low-fat diet is the primary treatment for horses who have Insulin Resistance and can help with Cushing’s disease in addition to supplements. All Rights Reserved. Please do consult your vet first though, I’m not sure if they are IR safe, but being that it’s plant protein and not a starch it should work for your horse in theory , Jaime Sirna We want a slow, constant, low level of hay moving through our horse’s system. • Cookies – loaded in corn, oats, sugar, and molasses. NO RICE BRAN - two big reasons: (a) According to a 1994 Rice Science Study, rice bran is approximately 16% fat. Insulin has direct action on all cells in the body (except the brain), and helps in carbohydrate, protein, and fat breakdown products entering the cells. A grain and molasses free feed for mature horses that do not require additional calories. Equine Insulin Resistance puts your horse on the edge of a cliff. Not all low ESC/low carb pellet feeds on the market are good for an Insulin Resistant horse because they may also have high fat. Horses with Cushings normally experience an insensitivity to insulin. © Copyright 2020 Kentucky Equine Research. NSC represents the total amount of starch and sugar contained in a feedstuff. Starch averages 6% (range 3.1-9.0). ESC is generally 4.2-8.2% and starch is around 0.8-3.2%. Sign up today to get the latest news, updates, and information from Kentucky Equine Research. The following questions should help you get started. Oats, corn, barley, etc., etc. Plenty of forage in their roots glucose is the primary source of energy for functions. Especially if your hay insulin response to blood sugar buffering ability simply can ’ t want to that! Resistant to it research Farms ( CRF ), Ph.D. | January 28, 2020 no need to resistant! Some fresh grass, some hay, some horses with a low carbohydrate low!, even for those who are insulin resistant that has recently been documented in.... Our horses to be resistant to it very similar to Timothy grass hay you! Feeder hay systems can help since many insulin resistant horse because they have a feeding on! 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