European literature includes literature in many languages; among the most important of the modern written works are those in English, Spanish, French, Dutch, Polish, Ukrainian, German, Italian, Modern Greek, Czech, Russian, Bosnian, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish and Irish. This means specific empirical field investigations must also explore the wider variety of workplaces to establish the generalisability of the construct on performance. 430ff.). The question is not answered, however, at least not in the expected sense.  The Latin verb educare can be translated as ‘to pull up,’ and it is in this sense that it is understood to mean ‘to educate’: a person is pulled upwards. The term pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) was introduced by Lee Shulman in his presidential address to the American Educational Research Association (Shulman, 1986). This is different from the Western style of eating where food is divided into small portions, put on individual plates, and individuals eat what is in front of them and do not share. For instance, there is often a great emphasis on the history, culture and customs of a group of people when telling their stories. Oral literature (or orature) may be in prose or verse. Adults may also present with symptoms outside the gastrointestinal tract; including joint pain, rash, infertility, and abnormalities of the hematologic, musculoskeletal, and neurologic systems . Symptoms of celiac disease in childhood include gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, or constipation . In order to address these two issues concurrently, Cole and Humphrey (2011: 52) depict three broad research domains that need pursuing in order to further develop and explore the EI–leadership nexus, namely: ‘(1) more rigorous methodologies; (2) examination of more comprehensive theoretical models; and (3) pursuit of innovative research areas’. Some of the high priests of the movement in literature are T.S. During the Enlightenment, West Europeans understood this region, then including Russia, as neither Orient nor Western, a place filled with contradictions whose coherence a ‘European’ gaze could not recognize (Wolff 1994, Gal 1991). Clearly caution is necessary when generalising these findings. News. The religious undertones from medieval literature did not disappear completely because religion and Christianity were still an important element of society. Removal of gluten from the diet, in the majority of people with celiac disease, leads to both resolution of symptoms and improvement in the intestinal damage. During this period, society at every level underwent profound changes. measures with highly skewed distributions will correlate more highly with each other than they will with measures with more normal distributions). According to the corpus of psychoanalytic theory that developed from this revolutionary treatise, hysteria was a specific clinical entity arising from sexual conflicts originating in the oedipal phase of psychosexual development. Let's see some of the most crucial characteristics of the most important literary periods: Middle Ages: The literary writings are in Old English. Characteristics of medieval literature. Eastern European Studies is, however, profoundly shaped by the culture of nations and nationalism. The upper seat (if people sit south–north, then the west seat is the upper seat) was reserved only for the oldest or the most respected person, such as an officer of high position.  Most of the ethics of experiments is common morality—avoiding unnecessary harm, seeking permission, treating people (or animals) with respect and fairness. The long-term maintenance of a gluten-free lifestyle is challenging. Despite the lack of supporting empirical evidence, and the wartime evidence that widespread and florid hysterical symptoms were precipitated by overwhelming stress rather than by infantile sexual experiences or phantasies, this psychoanalytic concept of hysteria remained dominant until the 1960s. Although researchers have thus began to push to find ways of examining what teachers know, still few concrete examples of PCK in subject areas have emerged. Important classical and medieval European literary traditions are those in Latin, … Dean Keith Simonton, in Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture, 2014. The relationship to psychology is of fundamental importance to the theory of education and the demands made of it. european literature avrupa edebiyatı ne demek.  In this lesson, you will explore the musical traditions of Eastern Europe, and discover common traits in the meters, modes, instruments, and other characteristics. Other Characteristics of Middle English Literature It remains but to say a word here about the quality of medieval literature as art. During this period, society at every level underwent profound changes. Note: Footnotes & Links provided to all original resources. Literature provides a lens through which readers look at the world. When eating Chinese food, a certain order should be observed. In fact, Carthage (in present-day Tunisia) was a colony founded by the Phoenicians. The European Renaissance produced some of history's greatest writers and works of literature, yet many historians and critics disagree about when it … Though this book is intended for general readers, it originated in lectures given at Harvard College between 1904 and 1917. With regard to the terminology, a distinction is to be made between educatio and eruditio. Oedipus still stands as the prototypical example. It is located in Europe. While these concerns are alien to most medical ethics and most analytic philosophy, these themes do arise in many bioethics contexts—for instance, in discussions of cloning, genetic engineering, environmental ethics, and ‘healthy volunteer’ research in pharmacology. Extending the scope of studies into Eastern realms, where self-reflection (such as concern for giving and receiving ‘face’) and contemplation moderate individual behaviour, offers great potential to unlock this secret and warrants further examination. These correlated residuals be what they may, Galton’s G explains most of the variance in any set of heterogeneous eminence assessments. In central Europe, texts include early medieval grammars, encyclopedias, etc. In addition, the symptom itself often provided other benefits (secondary gain) by rendering the subject visibly ill, or making crucial activities impossible. The story details the misadventures of an old man who has gone mad from reading too many chivalric romances, a form of medieval literature that was popular in Spain during Cervantes' lifetime. Seating arrangements were recorded. The drama which had suffered steep decline during the Victorian Age was revived with great force at the beginning of the 20th century and the course of six decades has witnessed many trends and currents in the 20th-century drama.The drama of Events. It has three stages: the High Middle Ages, the Flat Middle Ages and the Late Middle Ages.  Though this book is intended for general readers, it originated in lectures given at Harvard College between 1904 and 1917. Banquets are for socialising, showing appreciation, building relationships and trust, getting to know someone, politicking and business negotiations. Eliot, James Joyce, … Susceptible individuals who ingest these proteins develop an immune-mediated enteropathy, which self-perpetuates as long as these gluten-containing grains are in the diet. These accomplishments lead others to argue that Europe itself should be understood as much from its east and especially its center as from its west (Sayer 1998). Literatures in these languages are, however, closely associated with … (i) The agreement is truly cross-national and even cross-cultural.17 The evaluation does not have to be based on German or Austrian sources for Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven to be placed among the top 10 composers (if not in the top three). a rediscovery of Greek and Roman literature occurred across Europe that eventually led to the development of the humanist movement in the 14th cent. In the European literature on research ethics, considerable attention is paid to the ‘dignity’ of the human subject. When individuals with celiac disease ingest gluten, the result is malabsorption of sugars, proteins, fats, vitamins, and other minerals. , In the 12th cent. Eastern European Studies has its antecedents in various forms of civilizational study, most notably ‘Orientalism.’ Like Orientalism, area studies expertise tends to be organized through networks of knowledge production grounded outside the region. European Literature GROUP 4 DONALD ELTAGUNDE KENNETH DONGALLO JOHN LLOYD DIALAGDON JEICEL TANTOY JOSHUA MAGLINAO 2. They involve protocols, etiquette and ceremonial courtesy (Chance 1992). european literature Essay Examples. Employees need the ability to persuade and influence emotions in a work context because strong emotions have an encouraging or harmful impact on performance. On this point, new medical science research is now revealing how parts of the brain explain the interconnections between emotive and rational based behaviours (Walter et al., 2011) and, when coupled with the psychological and sociological domains, potentially further explain aspects of leadership (Waldman et al., 2011). As he observed succinctly, ‘They say “I cannot”; it looks like “I will not”; but it is “I cannot will.”’ Even so, the great French neurologists Charcot and Janet still assumed at the end of that century that the fundamental cause of the suggestibility and hypnotizability of hysterics was a hereditary nervous degeneration. The drive is, therefore, repressed and its energy converted into a hysterical symptom, which not only protects the patient from conscious awareness of the incestuous wishes, and hence from the anxiety that would otherwise result (primary gain), but simultaneously provides a symbolic expression of it (the rhythmic movements of a hysterical convulsion, for example, expressing the patient's coital fears or phantasies). The aim of the European Union Prize for Literature (EUPL) is to put the spotlight on the creativity and diverse wealth of Europe’s contemporary literature in the field of fiction, to promote the circulation of literature within Europe and to encourage greater interest in non-national literary works. Western organisations are increasingly supporting the practice of mindfulness in the workplace (Hyland et al., 2015). Those from the Western-most parts of the region also took the area's diverse imperial legacy as a starting point for their contemporary critique of Soviet domination, arguing that communism ill suited East Central Europe, with its more developed civil societies (Szücs 1988). In this article, we begin with a brief review of the ways in which PCK has been conceptualized in the research literature, followed by an overview of research that has focused on the way PCK develops, and the factors influencing this development. 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