At the fall of the Mongol take over, all teas — green, black, and oolong — are easily found in China. Documents identify Confucius, teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history, as a tea user. Use this popup to embed a mailing list sign up form. Merrill J. Fernando dedicated his life to tea when in the 1950s, he saw the concentration of ownership in the tea industry in the hands of a few large corporations. The tea story started in China around 2750 BC. Map: The spread of the word for “tea” across the world. The history of tea started from China and it spread to various parts of world. The history of tea spreads across multiple cultures over the span of thousands of years. East India Company started tea production in Nepal. Going back to the starting point of the “tea leaf” slowed production to forty-thousand tea bags a day but gained high marks for flavor, taste, authenticity and a reflection of the true attraction consumers have to tea. The Japanese Buddhist saint and priest Saicho and the monk Kobo Daishi bring tea seeds and cultivation and manufacturing tips back from China and plant gardens in the Japanese temples. A plant fungus ruins the coffee crop in Ceylon and spreads throughout the Orient and the Pacific, giving a hefty boost to tea drinking. When guests had finished their tea, the cups were collected and washed, before refills were offered." 11 million pounds of tea are brought into England. One or two cups of this decoction taken on an empty stomach removes fever, headache, stomach ache, pain in the side, or in the joints, and it should be taken as hot as you can bear it… And it is so highly valued and esteemed that every one going on a journey takes it with him, and those people would gladly give a sack of rhubarb for one ounce of Chai Catai. Tea in Japan is rare and expensive, enjoyed mostly by high priests and the aristocracy. French botanist Francois Andre Michaux, brought the Camellia sinensis plant to the United States and gave it to Henry Middleton. Having picked some tea, he drank it, Tea with milk is mentioned in Madam de Sévigné's letters. Generally, it is consumed in combination with boiling water or cold water. Japanese tea master Sen-no Rikyu opens the first independent teahouse and evolves the tea ceremony into its current simple and aesthetic ritual. So, in an attempt to summarize two millennia of tea-based history a colleague of mine and I have put together a timeline of major events from the supposed original cuppa to the state of the British tea industry today – with not a little violence, greed, and fury thrown in for good measure. Husbands cry family ruin, and religious reformers call for a ban. Congress reduces U.S. duties on coffee and tea and other imports. Although there are several tea vendors that claim to have been the first to create this now world-famous drink, the most credible is Liu Han-Chieh of Chun Shui Tang Teahouse in Taichung. This act leads to the development of the Boston Tea Company and would eventually lead to the American Declaration of Independence of 1776. when the Emperor Shen Nong, a skilled ruler and scientist, accidentally discovered tea. Tea Partnership established. ), a collection of first-hand accounts of travels by famous explorers incl. A small amount is sent to England and quickly purchased due to its uniqueness. This will eventually lead to widespread smuggling. The history of tea is long and complex, spreading across multiple cultures over the span of thousands of years. This new company had a complete monopoly on all trade and commerce in India and China. 1601, English East India Company founded. Thomas Johnstone Lipton opens his first shop in Glasgow, using American merchandising methods he learned working in the grocery section of a New York department store. The Assam seed flourishes and becomes the first commercial tea from Ceylon. Sumatra, Indonesia becomes a cultivator and exporter of tea followed by Kenya and parts of Africa. The grandson of Thomas Twinning persuades the Prime Minister William Pitt to drop the high taxes on tea, not only eliminating smuggling, but making tea an affordable luxury to Brits of all walks of life. Dilmah Global Timeline. The Book of Tea, 茶の本, is written by Okakura Kakuzo, thus introducing the west to the Japanese Tea Ceremony and its history. Parliament ends the Britain's Navigation Acts, and U.S. clipper ships are allowed to transport China tea to British ports. 1929: The first tea plantation was established in Malaysia during the British colonisation, in Cameron Highlands. had egg and tea food on his table. While tea has an impressive history stretching back 5,000 years, iced tea has a history stretching back only as far as the discovery of preserving ice. Tea catches on in the Dutch court. They begin to trade opium, (which they could grow cheaply in India) with the Chinese for tea. First attempt at tea cultivation in the United States. King Charles II married the Portuguese Princess Catherine of Braganza, who, not only introduced tea at court, but also brought to England (as part of her dowry), the territories of Bombay and Tangiers. This added strategic impetus to the already-strong monopoly of the John Foundation. By then, the rest of the island had already been a British colony for more than a generation. The Japanese Grand Tea Master (Urasenke School), Sositsu Sen devotes his life to spreading the Way of Tea around the world. teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history, Complete English translation with translator’s notes. First Opium War, was concluded by the Treaty of Nanking, China lost the Hong Kong island to the United Kingdom, and UK also established five treaty ports at Shanghai, Canton, Ningpo, Fuchow, and Amoy. The Legendary Origins According to Chinese mythology, tea was discovered in 2737 BC by Shen Nong, also known as Yan Di or Shen Nong Shi – (2,852-2737 B.C. The intense powdered tea, which are refused as useless the East India Company full-leaf! Entebbe, Uganda sen Rikyu, known as the “ father of agriculture and the Chinese word t ’ (. 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