I'm not sure there's a clear winner on the framework side, yet. But there's one important thing you're missing here. What little information I've gathered so far is the following: Stuff like Django and Ruby on Rails come with a bunch of pre-built functionality that can make development time faster. Python, by and large, is the most versatile language, both in concept and in practice. Basically, it is all the beautiful elements you see on a webpage’s interface. I've also seen some posts claiming that in 2018 (when it was posted), the back-end language you use hardly matters unless you expect disgustingly high levels of traffic and activity throughout your website and to just use whatever you're comfortable with (as long as it also allows you to do your job quickly). The biggest issue is that the user could be thousands of miles away from the software, and no language can overcome that. PHP starts the list on basis of its popularity and widespread use. It's not typed vs interpreted. Or if it's an open-source project, will anyone be able to contribute, or did you decide to build your web API in Rust? I don't know what to choose. Do you think that will remain the case? One of the earliest languages for web development (released in 1995), it remains widely popular today. If I can’t have a jvm I’d probably go for .net, but that’s not quite as configurable. Everything has a range of elasticity. I've just moved to a new company to head up the backend contract team, and right now have to decide which language to focus on - I've always found the need to integrate with and understand the community I'd be working with, and as such have a better understanding of the industry and technology that my clients use. Not everything survives. Or better yet, understand what type of business will choose which languages, and choose which businesses to align your self with. JavaScript is turning into TypeScript, and Node has certainly found a customer base. Contrary to the latter, PHP is commonly even available on free web hosting providers. In near future, there is little chance for some other language to replace Java, not at least in 2019. PHP has come a long way since its creation way back in 1994. Maybe I should reevaluate my decision about which framework to go for? At work, we mainly use Flask (which is Python) to handle our API endpoints most of the time. Front-End Development is the client-side of things. Do the projects suit the career path you want to follow? Object-oriented– This means the code is structured and modeled as … It also discussed how the front end can be a place filled with landmines – step in the wrong place and you'll be overwhelmed by the many frameworks of the JavaScript ecosystem. Recently I decided to go for ASP. Top 3 Programming Languages To Learn In 2021 - New Tech Geek It translates Java byte code into a language that can be interpreted by the machines. Javascript is an interpreted and light-weighted programming language. The Best Way to Learn Backend Web Development. Most other runtimes are some way behind in this respect. Java has certain key features as follows: 1. Number 6 will SHOCK you! Net. Because comprehending a new language whilst simultaneously building a complex project usually amounts to overload and burnout. The server is a powerful computer that runs the back-end software, the database building your site’s data, and the software related between the two. I hear stories here and there of Express running entire back-ends, but it's mostly used for miscellaneous processing these days. A fair assessment of several items. Let us look at the top five programming languages for mobile app development. They seem to mostly be fanboys telling you why X is so good/bad, instead of giving actual examples of when something is the appropriate tool for the job. Net and I intend to never go back to it for web development. Django, Rails, and even Laravel are all solid choices. Basically, people use interpreted languages until they can't. Django dominates here on the framework side, but Flask is still hanging in there. Modern platforms have changed that. Java and C# are obviously the market leaders, but from my understanding Java is becoming less favoured and C# is limited to the Windows environment. it's mostly a bunch of gobblegook that doesn't really mean anything and isn't very helpful, Those microservices tend to be serverless, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Python. Now major programming languages such as Python, Java, C#, Node.js etc support it. if stability, inter-process messaging, and background tasks are important, i'd look at elixir/phoenix first or possibly consider a JVM framework. Someone, somewhere is either ready or typing a message telling me how PHP is used in the enterprise because X company is a Fortune 500 company who based everything on that language. It’s a language to do statistics. Net. "Doesn't scale," always needs context. And why? Some of these frameworks/languages have better support for modern web practices than others. Java Java has had a good reputation as a multipurpose programming language. I know only Node.js and ASP. Django, ASP .NET Core, Ruby (on Rails), PHP, Node.js, Java, Go, etc. Net because of strong types (Node.js can use Typescript, but I had problems with configuration), Entity framework and auto-generation of endpoints. Java is a general-purpose, object-oriented and concurrent programming language developed by Sun Microsystems in 1995. Consequently, this is where the user primarily interacts for navigation and browsing. The "which language" debate is always going to be a hot-button topic in a forum dedicated to a spectrum as broad as webdev. Is it easy to find resources, tutorials and courses, if needed? After that, there's the ecosystems the languages tend to arrive with. First, that's a meaningless benchmark. If milliseconds are critical to a huge operation which run continuously, you need compiled. Backend development services refers to the server side of software and is invisible to users (backend developers add utility to everything the frontend designers create). First is region. If I need bleeding edge performance in a hardware-restricted environment, I'll go with C++. My personal opinion when i look for backend frameworks are mostly availability of libraries to get things done, good community and ease of integration and deployment. No, it's not compiled, but even that is murky with projects claiming to compile the important bits. There doesn't seem to be a facet of web development Python isn't a substantial part of. R works for adhoc analysis and exploring datasets, for statistics-heavy projects, and one-time dives into a dataset. ", "Why you should use X back-end language for everything!". If top means best for your skill set then it is better to use a framework that uses the language and conventions you are familiar with. What are people actually using it for? Instead, we wanted to showcase the best backend frameworks from various languages. A lot of your other concerns are premature details, stale biases, and quasi-misinformation propagated by the various echo chambers in web development. Some of its a gamble. I want to know what type of project would encourage people to use a specific language or framework. For the majority of applications, it doesn't matter much what language you pick. Interpreted languages like Python aren't necessarily slower than statically typed ones as long as you aren't dealing with incredibly high levels of activity (found some benchmarks stating that Django could comfortably handle 100,000 users a day with light-medium activity). Even for public users, there are numerous design choices in the platform implementation which affect the outcome of how it runs. But now it needs to change ... Reddit and others to monitor user app crashes … My previous article described how you can get into frontend development. When something "scales," it means it's prepared to handle the daily realities of maintaining a business on the net. A modern jvm is incredibly sophisticated, fast out of the box, endlessly tuneable when you start bumping up against the edges, and incredibly observable (almost everything can be exposed as metrics, and most frameworks provide a ton more). Go is fairly a new system-level programming language that has a focused vocabulary and simple scoping rules. Rails does have a solid following of companies who jumped on board in its glory days, but its popularity for green field projects seems to have all but vanished. Java still seems to be the preferred compiled language that isn't C++. Documentation - Good docs? If anything, Gin is the winner if we’re talking about stars on github, with the others a fair distance behind, but this isn’t a full on ‘web framework’ like Django, it’s just to do with the request handling. Hoping to incite a bit of discussion here (admittedly for selfish reasons) - to find out which backend language to go with. PHP is a general-purpose scripting language used for the development of web applications. 4. or even better- just make the same app in every language. I'd appreciate any advice, thanks in advance. but if all i need is a simple async model, node might be simpler, those are just two scenarios, but the point is to look at your critical feature set, and research what supports those features the best. Developers love working on new-age programming languages to stay ahead of the dynamically changing industry. So, I suppose I'll prefix everything with "in my experience.". C and Java are the oldest programming languages. for example: If I wanted a site to present the results of data analysis, i'd probably choose python (not to say i'd use python only for this case, it's just an obvious advantage given its place in the data science field). There's a difference between language and framework here. The reality is, though, most projects never reach that limit. By extension, for most of the common uses of websites, it contains the most plug and play options for the most common use cases. It is one of the best YouTube channels to learn web development, as it has detailed videos on every other framework and has thousands of daily visitors. Nowadays, it seems impossible to develop a program without the javascript language. If you are into creativity or designing, this is where you would feel right at home. You said that you have experience in both Node.js and ASP. Among the languages, you're looking for distinctions that don't exist. JVM forms a part of JRE (Java Runtime Environment). found some benchmarks stating that Django could comfortably handle 100,000 users a day with light-medium activity). So, I have experience as a desktop applications programmer. Net is worse? JavaJava is the most popularly used mobile app development language since its inception. To learn more about the differences between backend and frontend, check out our complete Backend vs Frontend Web Development guide. What if you were making a "traditional" website, were you just have a back-end that responds to GET and POST requests and responds with HTML. Memory management in Java is quite expensive; The absence of templates can limit you to create high-quality data structures. Flask. It uses an engine called JVM (Java Virtual Machine) which provides a runtime environment to run the Java Code and its applications. Personally I've chosen the languages I use based on their package managers more than anything else. The language is less important - where I work we have a lot of java, a fair bit of kotlin, and a smattering of clojure and groovy. It’s all about communication protocol between your app with the web server. But my suggestion, if you need speed, choose native compiled language. Go is the fastest-growing language on Github, meant to replace languages like Java and C++. Moreover, Javascript plays a significant role in front-end development. If you don't have extreme requirements any language will do. Whenever I try to find what situation should X be used in I just get a bunch of search results like: "Which back-end programming languages should YOU learn in [2014-2020]?! Personally, these days I think the runtime is more important. If you’re building a Single Page Application and are not a hardcore backend developer (or a lazy one) then you can also consider building and hosting on a. IaaS platform. In fact, we also have a good deal of PHP apps because they're hosted on LAMP stacks and it was easier to find CMSs written in PHP to work in the environment. Top Programming Languages to Learn in 2021 1. There's a tolerance for subpar performance because people are accustomed to latency in requests. Java first appeared in 1995, and since then it has been considered one of the most powerful and reliable programming languages for backend development. It's interpreted vs compiled. C# language was developed by Microsoft. Don't use WordPress, period, because it's garbage from stem to stern... the preeminent example of badly written PHP, terrible application design, and horrible database schema, all bound together with bad practices. Does it ultimately matter (as long as you're using a mainstream language)? It's dominating in data science and AI/ML right now. I say to understand what languages to use or learn, understand what businesses want. PHP is popular in marketing agencies and "web shops." There is no argument for JS outside the browser that doesn't somehow trace back to jumbled priorities. Does it ultimately matter (as long as you're using a mainstream language)? And, they're right, mostly, both here and in r/games. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. After that, in this or any sub, you risk getting shot as the messenger when it comes assessing where each language stands in the market. ProgrammingKnowledge offers tons of video tutorials on top backend/frontend programming languages including Python, Swift, PHP, Ruby, and many others. Although Ruby on Rails doesn't scale as well as Django. It has grown massively, and it is now being used on a multitude of se… Usage/Application: Java mostly used for developing Android apps, web apps, and Big data. Edureka Ruby is almost entirely driven by Rails. if I'm uncertain or plan to implement more features, i'd choose django because it ships with a lot of features. Be careful with PHP and try following the practices from PHPTheRightWay if you do use it to avoid problems. Popularity - If you pick an obscure language, how easily will you get developers to hire? There are developers, designers, marketers, copy writers and stakeholders on the other side which have greater demands on the platforms than public users. If I built a site for my grandmother's cat, it would be able to handle that load. Or at least, not as much as people might claim. Which backend language is the go to right now and future proof. Chances are the downvotes I'll be buried under for saying that will mostly come from developers with less than 5 years experience in web development, and few from those with 10 or more. I am a recruiter in London, and have recruited for both Java and C# in the past. Spring, its primary framework, is also quite popular in the enterprise. C: C is one of the oldest and most widely used programming languages in the world, and holds #7 in Average Salary, and #9 in Job Postings. The back end comprises three parts: the server, your database, any APIs, and a back-end web application, software drafted via server-side languages. You can even write it using bash script if you want. And the ones who do, usually write specific services in a compiled language, and still leverage the easier languages in everything else. Regarding Go, I think there’s no clear winner simply because the Standard Library provides some really good web components. make a spin-the-wheel. Javascript can be used in the bac… The good documentation and impressive open source dependencies make it one of the best programming languages for backend development. You would need to handle just over one user per second to claim that capacity. 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