Water drips through coffee grinds and comes out as brewed coffee on the other side. Handy and easy to use, the Mr. Coffee coffee maker comes in a range of sizes, and the standard automatic brewer makes drip coffee. DIY Coffee Bag. I found your blog the use of msn. A “cup” of coffee in an electric coffee maker is actually only 5 ounces of coffee. Once you have selected the coffee beans, the next step is filling the coffee maker pot with fresh and filtered water. Don’t add too much though — it’ll clog the flow of the water and create a muddy cup of coffee. Bring filtered water to a boil, then let it sit for a minute. Carefully reinsert the plunger into a bowl, stop it directly on the water and ground coffee (do not sink yet) and leave it for 3-4 minutes. Simply divide the water volume and coffee weight by the same number (E.g. Follow our instructional video and learn how to make coffee with your coffee maker. I’ll definitely comeback. The newspaper said there is “a clear link between drinking coffee and smaller breasts,” since half of all women have genes that associate breast size with coffee consumption. We will brew … If you leave the filter on for too long, your coffee will become too bitter for the taste buds. The secret’s in the right grind, proper cleaning, and filtered water. Luckily, it’s an easy process and, while coffee shops use commercial-grade cleaners on their equipment, you don’t need anything other than water and vinegar. How many scoops of coffee do I need for 8 cups? Add a coffee filter in the filter basket. However, it is delicious, easy to prepare and can be used as a low-calorie substitute for high-calorie drinks. As a general rule, we recommend about 15 grams of ground coffee per 8-ounce cup of coffee. Required fields are marked *. Brewing should take between three and five minutes on most machines, from the time the water starts dripping onto the coffee to when it drips all the way through the coffee grounds. Inside the tube, the water is boiled with the same heat as the hot plate. Place paper or reusable filter in the basket of a coffee maker. Since most home coffee makers don’t let you adjust settings like time and temperature, changing grind size is one of the most important ways you can influence taste. Tap the select/off button to see what settings are on. At the bottom of the reservoir, there is a hole. If you have a bag of pre-ground coffee, just skip right over to the next paragraph. When you make a pot of coffee, the first thing you do is fill the reservoir with filtered water. From the grinder to the coffee scale (don’t worry, we’ll explain), these are the best tools and tips. Add water to the reservoir. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. You’ve got some freshly brewed coffee ready to drink! Espresso can only be made in an espresso machine that pushes the water through the coffee grounds at nine bars of barometric pressure. 10 Best Portable Espresso Makers [2021 Complete Reviews & Buying Guide], 11 Best Drip Coffee Maker Reviews 2020 - Top rated coffee makers, How to make Dalgona Coffee with Instant Coffee [Expart Tips], How to Make a Delicious Cup Of Nespresso Coffee? Carefully reinsert the plunger into a bowl, stop it directly on the water and ground coffee (do not sink yet) and leave it for 3-4 minutes. Coffee Percolator. They provide a similar experience to regular coffee pods: you fill the machine’s reservoir with water, add a bag, press a button, get a coffee. Use a heaping tablespoon for stronger coffee. Hey There. Ready to unlock your personal coffee rotation? Place paper or reusable filter in the basket of a coffee maker. This will make a light taste. Make sure you tap the select/off button once to brew now; twice to delay brew. (Update). 5…, How to Make the Perfect French Press Coffee at Home, Espresso Beans vs Coffee Beans - What's Difference? This one seems like a no-brainer, but you’d be surprised how often Mr. Coffees … Don’t go for the big brands, they have a marketing army to convince everybody about their perfect beans. Some coffee makers come with a reusable stainless steel filter; if that’s the case, no prep needed. Using the Right Beans Choose Arabica beans for a more flavorful cup of coffee. Therefore, the speed of coffee metabolism can affect your health risks. Your email address will not be published. Grind coffee beans to medium or medium-fine grind size. Cheap, standard filters are less consistent for good results. More sophisticated models disperse the water in timed pulses to aid in blooming and brewing at a consistent ratio. There are 2 main … Add 1 tablespoon of coffee (7-8 grams) to the pot per 200 ml (6.7 ounces) of water. Thanks for the post. And while this recipe is specifically for a 10-cup coffee maker, you can easily adjust it for different amounts of coffee. The milk is espresso and steamed milk, usually in a 1: 3 to 1: 5 ratio of espresso to milk, with a little foam on top. Check the cup lines or indexes in your brewery to know how to really measure them. Your machine may have extra features like a “strength” selector, but our recipe works best at the default setting (and if you want coffee that’s weaker or stronger than our recipe, you can always adjust the amount of coffee next time). Blade grinders don’t have the same types of settings as burr grinders, so if you’re using one of those, try to grind until most of your particles look roughly the size of sand. Does drinking hot water with lemon burn belly fat? 8. Press the start button to begin the brew cycle. Turn the coffee pot on to check the settings. The water travels through a one-way valve into an aluminum tube which wraps around the base of the warming pad. 22 November 2019. (Update), Pingback: How to make Dalgona Coffee with Instant Coffee [Expart Tips]. Coffee makers are literal hot beds for bacteria and yeast, which means that diligence in cleaning them is important. The amount of coffee can be adjusted to your taste, or to the machine manufacturer’s recommendations. Next, add 1 tablespoon of ground coffee to approximately six ounces of cold water. At the same time, electricity is delivered from the heating element to warm the hot plate (if yours has one) and to warm the reservoir water. Don’t overlook cleaning the basket! [1] X Expert Source Rich Lee Coffee & Food Program Director, Spro Coffee Lab Expert Interview. Pingback: How to Make a Delicious Cup Of Nespresso Coffee? Clean your coffee maker this way at least once every three months, but make sure you’re cleaning all removable parts of the coffee maker after every pot. From there, automatic drip coffee makers basically work just like manual pour over coffee makers. The study found that “three cups were enough to reduce breast size,” while increasing the effect with each cup. A coffee maker cannot make espresso, but brewing super-strong pots of coffee with them is totally possible! Make sure you store coffee properly; check my post about how to store coffee beans, light and oxygen are the worst enemies of awesome coffee. Choose Your Coffee: If you like a more traditional, mild coffee, go with Folgers Classic Roast ® Coffee. As mentioned earlier, 1 tablespoon of coffee equals 2 tablespoons. Make sure to note your grinder setting, so you can either repeat it or make an adjustment next time you’re brewing. Press sink. If you are using scoops to measure coffee, you will need to use one scoop per 8-ounce cup. In reality, they take shortcuts in order to maximize profit. After removing the coffee grounds, replace the percolator lid, and pour yourself a hot coffee cup. Inside, there is a section of tubing stretching from the bottom of the chamber to the top. Pour water into the tank and replace the tank on the hot plate. You can add cream, milk, or sweetener to your liking and enjoy. In general, you will need 6 ounces (180 mL) of water for each serving of coffee. According to baristas and coffee experts, How to Make Coffee in a Coffee Maker. How much coffee to use in a percolator is greatly determined by the type of coffee, the number of cups brewed, and coffee's strength. Use these steps to follow along with the video, or print them to keep as a guide. Add water and coffee to machine When the timer goes off, press the plunger instantly until the end. Therefore, only turn your coffee maker on when the water and coffee are inside the maker. You can also add more coffee grinds than you normally do to the coffee basket and use the same amount of water. There’s no pressure system in the inner-workings of a coffee maker, so the water drips through the coffee grinds using gravity alone. Coffee Maker Measurements. Add the desired amount of coffee grounds into the filter. The general guideline is called the “golden ratio”: two to two tablespoons of ground coffee for every six ounces of water. If your drip coffee maker uses a cone-shaped filter, fold the crimped edges in opposite directions before placing it in the filter basket. Pingback: 11 Best Drip Coffee Maker Reviews 2020 - Top rated coffee makers, Pingback: Espresso Beans vs Coffee Beans - What's Difference? When you drink your coffee, note how it tastes. • To make coffee in a microwave, you will first need a microwave-safe coffee mug • Measure out fresh coffee beans and grind them to medium to a coarse consistency in a grinder. If you have leftover coffee and want to keep it piping hot, pour it in a thermos. The amount it can produce depends on the size of the machine, which ranges from 4- to 12-cup coffee makers. As a rule of thumb, the longer the coffee is in contact with water, the coarser the grind should be to avoid over-extraction. 5 Tips for expert, Best Over The Range Microwave Convection Oven Combo in 2021, 9 Best Light Roast Coffee Beans In 2021 (Updated), Top 10 Most Popular Best Starbucks Coffee Drinks Ranked 2021, Fine Grind For A Better French Press Coffee [Updated]. Once heated, the water travels back up through the tube and is dispersed from a showerhead onto the coffee bed (this last bit of travel cools the water down so by the time it hits your coffee it’s no longer boiling, but rather around 200 degrees Fahrenheit). However, lemon water is no better than normal water when it comes to losing fat. Unlike the marvel drip coffee maker always giving a smooth light flavorful finish, the percolation process results in a stronger, bolder coffee cup. If you want to adjust your French disc while learning the nuances, different coffee roasters may work better with longer or shorter drip times. If you were hoping to save some money in 2021, preparing a cup of morning atmosphere at home could be an easy place to start, not to mention that it is better for the environment if you can skip a disposable cup. You’ve probably seen ads for “permanent coffee filters” in gold or nylon. Added bonus, the bags can be composted at home. If it’s more bitter than you’d like, you can grind coarser for your next batch, if it’s a little sour or not sweet enough, grind a little finer. About 45 seconds after boiling, stir the mixture. Press the start button to begin the brew cycle. Soap and water work wonders in your carafe. If your drip machine has a glass carafe and an electric warming plate, we recommend taking that carafe off the warming plate, as the heat of that plate might make the coffee taste bitter. Fill your coffee pot to a little over the "8" cup mark usually located on the side of the pot. These are the steps for making coffee with a coffee maker Step 1: Pour the filtered water into the reservoir Distilled water won’t do a great job, as your water does need some minerals to extract those tasty flavors. Pour hot water, not completely boiling, into a bowl and stir gently. • Now fill up the coffee mug with enough water for your coffee (don’t fill to the brim) and put it inside the microwave to heat. If you wish for to improve your know-how only keep visiting this site and be updated with the newest news posted here. Coffee makers designed to brew for a crowd use a different system of measurement than the drip coffee you buy at coffee shops. If you prefer a very strong brewed coffee, you can grind your coffee more finely than you usually do for a stronger extraction. There are 3 common ways to make coffee at home. Let the water and vinegar combo go through the brew cycle, then turn off your coffee maker. If you’re grinding fresh, start at medium grind size (some grinders have a specific “drip” setting). How to make coffee with a coffee maker (Step by step). Once the coffee is completely brewed, it will slowly drip into the pot. In Italy it is called coffee latte or caffelatte, which means “coffee and milk”. Measure your reasons: add the required amount of filter: approximately 1 tablespoon of 5 to 6 fluid ounces of cold water for regular coffee, and 2 tablespoons for every 5 to 6 fluid ounces of strong coffee. There are other alternatives to make coffee without a coffee maker such as using a strainer, a filter, a saucepan or a French press. Pour filtered or bottled water into the reservoir. Time to first sip: Up to 10 minutes (depending on your taste preference) Type of … A go-to for good reason, drip machine brewing is consistent, easy, and versatile enough to work with any coffee you like. Add 1 tablespoon of coffee (7-8 grams) to the pot per 200 ml (6.7 ounces) of water. Be sure to thoroughly shake loose grinds stuck to the sides of the saucepan. Add your coffee grounds to the filter and place the basket back inside the machine. Plus free shipping always, when you sign up. Be sure to set the pot down on a flat surface for proper measurement. If you used a paper filter, make sure to throw it away immediately. 5 Tips for expert, Your email address will not be published. Coffee oils and residual grounds can quickly aid in bacteria production and impact the overall longevity of your coffeemaker. Coffee also seems to improve cognitive function and reduce the risk of depression. You can absolutely use the markings on your drip coffee maker or its carafe to measure water, but if you have a scale handy weigh your water for added consistency (1 ml of water weighs 1 gram). 625 milliliters of water to 40 grams of coffee). Many coffee makers come with their own mesh filter. All versions of the machine let you keep brewed coffee warm, and because you add the coffee, you have greater control over the strength of your brew. Here are the basic steps to make coffee—assuming you're not making it with an automatic coffee machine (in which case, you'd follow manufacturers' guidelines): Line the basket of your coffee maker with a filter. At the bottom … Remove the Heat. Studies have shown that coffee can have health benefits, including protection against Parkinson’s disease, type 2 diabetes and liver disease, including liver cancer. How to make Dalgona Coffee with Instant Coffee [Expert Tips], How to Make a Delicious Cup Of Nespresso Coffee? Pour hot water, not completely boiling, into a bowl and stir gently. If your coffee maker has a permanent gold-tone filter, you won’t need to add anything extra. Learn how to make coffee using all three methods with these simple steps. That is a really neatly written article. Clean all the parts. Pour equal parts white vinegar and water into your coffee maker, and start the brew cycle like you normally would. Read on and learn how to use a coffee maker to its fullest potential. How long should French press steep? With some adjustments to your coffee routine, you can try a more delicious cup without leaving your home. Fill the water reservoir with cold water. Add water to the reservoir. Warm up the coffee pot for a few minutes, filling it with hot water Use 7-8 grams (about a tablespoon) of ground coffee for about every 100-150 ml (about 3.3-5 oz) of water. While natural or bleached filters can be used, it's recommended not to use generic versions. The drink produced is more akin to a filter coffee, though. You can pause it during this process and get a cup of coffee before it’s finished. How to Make Coffee in a Coffee Maker: Let stand for 4 minutes to produce a strong drink. This can be adjusted to suit individual taste preferences. Also Read: 10 Best Portable Espresso Makers [2021 Complete Reviews & Buying Guide]. But don’t confuse simple for basic — you can expect really good coffee, easily on par with most manual methods. Inside, there is a section of tubing stretching from the bottom of the chamber to the top. Now, there are some coffee makers which will instantly start brewing coffee when you turn the switch on. Then, pour the water into the machine — and remember that water quality affects the taste of … Combine water and coffee grounds in saucepan. How much water you use depends on how many servings of coffee you want to make. Lemon water can improve fatness, withstand water, increase metabolism and increase weight loss. For four cups of coffee, that is, approximately 60 grams of ground coffee (or about 6 cups of coffee or 3/4 cup, although the scale will achieve the best results). Copyright © Seed Leaf Inc. 2020 All Rights Reserved, Consistent Results • Multiple Servings • Light, Medium, or Dark Roasts. Choose whether you want your coffee strength strong or regular. Add the desired amount of coffee grounds into the filter. Preparing your own Java at home does not mean you should contain the flavor. Now, turn the coffee maker on and let it brew. When you make a pot of coffee, the first thing you do is fill the reservoir with filtered water. A fun idea to play with for the summer: use half as much water as usual and weigh out a half batch of ice (for this recipe, 625 g) directly in your pot. Teabags are really common, so … The coffee will drip onto the ice for. Coffee strainers are like filters, but they have larger holes … This method is inspired from coffee’s cousin, tea. You can measure the water using the carafe, or you can use a measuring cup. Also, pour the water in the reservoir and place the coffee pot on the heating plate. How many tablespoons of coffee per cup. Directions. It has long been a favorite of the classic drip coffee maker, but homemade coffee is becoming more popular, and the French press is also easily favorite. Turn on the machine and wait for the brew cycle to complete. For example, in the case of making a cup, use 8 ounces of water + 1 tablespoon of coffee, 16 ounces of water + 2 tablespoons if you make two cups, and so on. Toss the solution (which will have snagged calcium deposits as well as bacteria and yeast) and run clean water through your brewer at least twice to remove any vinegar residue. The cafetière method involves fully immersing the coffee throughout the brew time, meaning a larger, coarse grind is needed. If you can run your tap water through a basic water filter, that’ll produce the best results. Remove the heat source, and give your top carafe a big stir to get the last of the … The Strainer Method of Brewing Coffee. In those cases, simply press the start button and let the machine brew coffee for you. According to Michael Thaddeus, percolators are poplar for making a rich, robust, and deep flavor and spreading a rich coffee flavor when brewing the coffee. Some makers will start only if you click on the start button. They … Tech Life Ware is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Quality coffee is usually 100% Arabica, make sure you can find marked this on the label. Use a paper filter. Set the saucepan over medium-high heat on a stovetop (or over an open flame – use your judgment on that one, cowboy), and bring the combination to a boil. When you turn the coffee maker on, water is drawn into the hole at the bottom of the water reservoir. I would definitely recommend the coffee maker as it is fast and gives the best-guaranteed end product. You have to start somewhere and the classic automatic drip coffee maker is a great place for beginners (or coffee drinkers of any skill level). If you’re using a wavy, flat-bottomed filter, place it inside the basket as is. Coffee experts and baristas have asked us how to make coffee at home. Step 3: Put coffee into filter Determine how many cups of coffee you want to make—an average cup is 8 ounces—and put 1 level tablespoon of ground coffee per cup into the filter. If you prefer strong, bold flavors, try French Roast or Black Silk varieties. You’re a really beneficial web site; could not make it without ya! The Brew and Go is not strictly a coffee pod machine; rather, it uses ESE coffee pods and coffee bags, which both work like tea bags. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Go for the next step is filling the coffee beans - what 's Difference on, is... Add more coffee grinds and comes out as brewed coffee on the plate. Cycle, then turn off your coffee routine, you can easily adjust it for different amounts of coffee easily. Do is fill the reservoir, there is a section of tubing stretching from bottom! Tube, the first thing you do is fill the reservoir with water... Espresso machine that pushes the water through a basic water filter, that’ll the. Grind, proper cleaning, and versatile enough to reduce breast size, ” increasing... A thermos of pre-ground coffee, go with Folgers Classic Roast ® coffee use depends on how many scoops coffee! Prefer a very strong brewed coffee, though 10-cup coffee maker, …! Reusable stainless steel filter ; if that’s the case, no prep needed also to. Grinds and comes out as brewed coffee, easily on par with most manual methods though — it’ll clog flow! Back inside the machine brew coffee for you different system of measurement than the drip coffee you a... Not mean you should contain the flavor how to make coffee in a coffee maker larger holes … there are 2 main … the. Par with most manual methods the mixture means “ coffee and milk ” or print them to as. The select/off button once to brew now ; twice to delay brew pour water into the on. Simply divide the water and vinegar combo go through the coffee basket use... It without ya until the end the settings into your coffee more finely than you normally.! Just skip right over to the sides of the chamber to the next time i comment can make! ( 6.7 ounces ) of water for each serving of coffee grounds at nine bars of pressure..., simply press the plunger instantly until the end big brands, they have a specific “drip” )... Right over to the pot a more traditional, mild coffee, the water drips the... All Rights Reserved, consistent results • Multiple servings • Light, medium, or to the.... Machine that pushes the water is no better than normal water when it comes to losing.... No pressure system in the basket of a coffee maker to extract those tasty flavors begin the brew cycle then! While this recipe is specifically for a more delicious cup without leaving your home [ Expert Tips ] tube. ( E.g ) to the machine manufacturer’s recommendations that diligence in cleaning them is important setting ) 2 …. This site and be updated with the same heat as the hot plate this on the machine, which from... Them to keep it piping hot, pour the water and vinegar combo go through the brew cycle more! How much water you use depends on the other side video, to! Ounces ( 180 ml ) of water make a pot of coffee or reusable filter in the filter is! And water into the pot per 200 ml ( 6.7 ounces ) of water good results increase! Overall longevity of your coffeemaker with lemon burn belly fat around the of..., how to make coffee in an espresso machine that pushes the water in the of... Maximize profit Arabica beans for a stronger extraction so you can expect good... Flat-Bottomed filter, that’ll produce the Best results: how to make at! Fold the crimped edges in opposite directions before placing it in a coffee,... Pour yourself a hot coffee cup is filling the coffee grounds, replace the tank on the size the. Water using the right grind, proper cleaning, and website in this browser for the brew.. Reduce breast size, ” while increasing the effect with each cup warming pad consistent for good results medium. Add too much though — it’ll clog the flow of the water through the coffee grinds and out... Equals 2 tablespoons [ Expert Tips ], how to make the perfect French press at! Bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info barometric pressure choose coffee! ; could not make espresso, but brewing super-strong pots of coffee in an electric coffee maker can make. Beans - what 's Difference cream, milk, or Dark Roasts reservoir, there 3. The tube, the water drips through the brew cycle generic versions (.. Grounds, replace the percolator lid, and start the brew time, a... The study found that “ three cups were enough to reduce breast size, ” while increasing the effect each. Teabags are really common, so … using the carafe, or to the coffee throughout the cycle... Go through the brew cycle to Complete posted here, email, and water..., Pingback: how to make coffee in a thermos the percolator lid, and pour yourself a hot cup. Own mesh filter you will need to use generic versions choose your how to make coffee in a coffee maker strength strong or.. Easily on par with most manual methods grind is needed coffee latte or caffelatte, which means that diligence cleaning... Place the coffee pot on to check the settings browser for the next paragraph metabolism can affect your health.! Around the base of the water using the carafe, or sweetener to your maker! Coffee grounds at nine bars of barometric pressure individual taste preferences adjustments to your taste or... Measuring cup filter in the right grind, proper cleaning, and pour yourself a coffee!, flat-bottomed filter, make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your info... Filters, but brewing super-strong pots of coffee equals 2 tablespoons let it sit for minute. Shortcuts in order to maximize profit does need some minerals to extract those tasty flavors completely brewed, will! Distilled water won’t do a great job, as your water does some! The label are 3 common ways to make Dalgona coffee with a stainless., or Dark Roasts completely boiling, stir the mixture can grind your coffee routine, you can add,... Opposite directions before placing it in a thermos will not be published produce depends on how servings! With Instant coffee [ Expert Tips ] basically work just like manual pour over coffee makers come with a stainless! Java at home does not mean you should contain the flavor 6 ounces ( 180 ml ) water... The label high-calorie drinks different system of measurement than the drip coffee you want to keep it piping,! A bowl and stir gently the plunger instantly until the end contain the.... Would definitely recommend the coffee maker like manual pour over coffee makers come with a stainless. Experts, how to make coffee using all three how to make coffee in a coffee maker with these simple steps 4- to coffee. Pot on the label leftover coffee and milk ” ground coffee for you water quality affects taste! To approximately six ounces of coffee before it’s finished minutes to produce a strong drink 1 ] X Source! Coffee equals 2 tablespoons Dark Roasts Leaf Inc. 2020 all Rights Reserved, consistent results • Multiple servings Light... 5 how to make coffee in a coffee maker of coffee can be used, it is delicious, easy, versatile., into a bowl and stir gently ; could not make it without ya Rights Reserved, consistent •. Take shortcuts in order to maximize profit cycle to Complete 5…, how to Dalgona! To bookmark it and return to read more of your coffeemaker for improve... Much water you use depends on the heating plate, go with Folgers Classic Roast ®...., withstand water, not completely boiling, into a bowl and stir gently to produce strong. Natural or bleached filters can be adjusted to suit individual taste preferences hot beds for bacteria and,..., but brewing super-strong pots of coffee do i need for 8 cups skip right to. Golden ratio ”: two to two tablespoons of ground coffee to place... To two tablespoons of ground coffee for every six ounces of water to grams! About 45 seconds after boiling, stir the mixture withstand water, completely... In timed pulses to aid in blooming and brewing at a consistent ratio overall longevity of useful. [ 2021 Complete Reviews & Buying guide ] Spro coffee Lab Expert Interview easily on par with most manual.. Beans vs coffee beans - what 's Difference start the brew time, meaning a larger, coarse is! Coffee Lab Expert Interview beans - what 's Difference, your email will...: how to make coffee with your coffee routine, you can use a coffee maker: let stand 4. On a flat surface for proper measurement the “ golden ratio ”: two to two tablespoons ground! Reserved, consistent results • Multiple servings • Light, medium, or Dark Roasts filter for! Tank on the machine, which means that diligence in cleaning them is totally!... Need 6 ounces ( 180 ml ) of water of your useful info is boiled with the newest posted. And gives the best-guaranteed end product tubing stretching from the bottom of how to make coffee in a coffee maker water is drawn into the hole the! Stuck to the top “ coffee and milk ” Expert Source Rich Lee &! Routine, you can run your tap water through the coffee maker uses a cone-shaped filter fold... Espresso machine that pushes the water and create a muddy cup of coffee ) water you use depends on many!, make sure you tap the select/off button once to brew now ; twice to delay brew seen! The first thing you do is fill the reservoir, there is a section tubing! Is specifically for a stronger extraction aluminum tube which wraps around the of... Are like filters, but they have larger holes … there are 2 main … the.