Dock is considered an invasive weed in fifteen states, so foraging probably won't make a dent in the local population. This is called the ocrea, and it turns brown as the plant ages. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). May 23, 2014 - Explore Martin Shepherd's board "CURLY DOCK" on Pinterest. Curly dock loves the disturbed ground, and you will often find it in places that are often not suitable for foraging. Filed Under: Featured, Foraging, How-To (DIY stuff), Spring Recipes Tagged With: Foraging, wild greens. The most tender leaves and the best lemon flavored ones come from young docks with flower stalks that have yet to develop. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Flowering occurs primarily in June. This is not the case in the rest of the country, where actual winter shuts things down. Start by knowing that there are a number of varied species, some native and some invasive. If you catch dock too late, it will send up a flower stalk that can grow to 3 feet high. The plant has valuable cleansing properties and … I’ve read several comments that curly dock roots may be eaten as a substitute for potatoes, but I’m pretty sure that they don’t taste the same. The seeds are useful and interestingly, yellow dock seeds are viable for up to 80 years. Syrup. Everything You Have Always Wanted to Know About Dock. Young leaves are edible raw at this point. This plant is also known as Yellow Dock. A second excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the stems. The whole plant is edible, as are other docks and sorrels (species in the genus Rumex; not, though, plants that share only a common name such as burdock (Arctium) and wood sorrel Oxalis).The catch is, not all docks taste good. Curly Dock, Yellow Dock. “Yup, there they are,” you’ll quickly note each time your eyes scan the scenery. Wild Dock Range © 2020 Hunter Angler Gardener Cook, All Rights Reserved. I can tell you this is a massive pain in the ass, and the flavor isn’t that great. Dock plant. There are also seashore docks (R. maritima) as well as desert docks, but I find the desert dock (R. hymenosepalus) to be really, really bitter. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Or olive oil, chile, garlic and black pepper. Rumex crispus.L, (Evelik), Curly dock, is very useful medicinal plant in Kars region of Turkey and cures catching-winter cold. People ate dock. Patience dock (R. patientia) was once cultivated as a vegetable in both the USA and Europe and is still grown as such by a small number of gardeners. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. These are often tough and stringy. A very tangy, lemony paste. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Curly Dock Control. Ellen Zachos is a foraging expert, instructor, and author of books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails. 1. Curly Dock has numerous edible and medicinal uses. Look at the rosette. This dock has large, broad heart-shaped leaves, unlike the long, narrow leaves of curly dock. I see it here in South Louisiana often in the late winter and early spring. Using wild edible plants is the best way we can defy the system, maintain our health, and get our independence back. While docks may be happiest and tastiest when they grow with plenty of moisture, the taproot indicates they are drought-tolerant plants. Curly dock (Rumex crispus L.) Life Cycle: Simple perennial. Curly Dock Rumex crispus Knotweed family (Polygonaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 1–3' tall and little branched, except where the flowers occur. Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. You want these leaves, and the ones that have just unrolled. Came across your blogsite while looking for likely recipes. Think of dock as the love child of spinach and rhubarb or sorrel (R. acetosa), and you’ll get a good idea about the flavor of this edible wild green.So how to go about foraging curly dock? use the sauce on fish, light meat poultry or eggs. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. The leaves are fairly thick and the stems can get a tinge of red, especially in cold weather. Now, for those who are generally healthy and don't eat large quantities of dock on a regular basis, it should be fine. Or olive oil and Spanish smoked paprika. In its native range, different parts of curly dock are used as food and/or medicine. Still, it’s not too hard to find decent places to pick dock if you walk around a bit. Think of dock as the love child of spinach and rhubarb or sorrel (R. acetosa), and you’ll get a good idea about the flavor of this edible wild green. Curly dock isn’t fussy when it comes to its habitat and where it chooses to grow. Rumex longifolius – Yard dock, door yard dock or northern dock, this species looks very similar to curly dock, but the flavor is considerably more bitter. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. What I did in the picture up top was to go Ethiopian. Follow me on Instagram and on Facebook. It's larger, more tender, and perhaps more delicious than any other dock plant. The aerial parts are a food source and the roots have strong medicinal values. Initially, it consists of a rosette of basal leaves about 1' across. Probably need boiling now. My spots are mostly in neglected corners of local parks, away from the manicured grass and the pesticides those lawns probably contain. For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. A decoction of the herb can be boiled with … It also contains vitamins B1 and B2, and iron.REF The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Identifying spring curly dock: an edible, weedy wild plant This is one of the most healthy, beautiful curly dock plants I've ever seen: Identification difficulty level: novice Curly dock, Latin name: Rumex crispus, is an excellent wild plant to know. Dock leaves are hairless, too, so if you see leaves that are fuzzy or bristly, it’s not dock. Pick two to six youngest of the leaves at the center of each clump. It is in Curled Dock root. Because dock has a relatively short harvest season, like so many wild greens, harvest as much as you can when it's at its peak, then blanch and freeze for later use. Greens, again, can be harvested throughout much of the year. The seeds of the yellow dock, once dried thoroughly, are edible … Like so many greens, docks reduce in volume when cooked, by about 20 to 25 percent of their original volume. Notice that on the edge of the leaf of Curly Dock there is a wavy “crisped” margin and also its relative thinness and “lancelike” shape. Docks were popular wild edibles during the Great Depression due to their tart, lemony flavor, their widespread abundance, and the fact that they were free for the taking. Rumex crispus is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in). Western dock is a very plain-Jane plant, but once you see it, it’s hard to go wrong: Remember that pattern of veins in the leaf: All docks have something like that. To make dock seed flour, start by collecting as much dock … As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. If you unroll one, you’ll notice it’s a little sticky-slimy. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. Other foragers report enjoying the tender leaves in their raw form, the seeds when ground and included in baked goods, and the young, peeled, boiled stalks. Docks are in the rumex family, and are related to rhubarb and sorrel and oxalis. Docks tend to get these when the leaves get older — if you see those blotches, move on: The leaves will likely be bitter and leathery. Boil or saute dock greens to make the most of their flavor. A flowering stalk bolts from this rosette during the late spring. It will have leaves along the stalk, and lots of tiny, greenish “flowers” that really don’t look like much. It is a member of the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae. I cook them like spinach. It has ovate to orbicular inner tepals 4–6.4 mm long, only one of which usually with a tubercle, and achenes 2.6–3 mm long (usually 3 mm or longer in R. longifolius ). 17. Curly Dock has numerous edible and medicinal uses. Both are delicious wild edible plants, and each group deserves its own article. Stick with the young leaves. Both plants are very nutritious. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. As soon as you catch a whiff of spring, you’ll start to see dock. We do cook dishes with Curly dock; using onion, rice or whole weat, graunded beef, salt, black pepper, chily pepper and olive oil. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. Docks are perennial plants growing from taproots, and they are most often found in neglected, disturbed ground like open fields and along roadsides. Or sesame oil and Japanese togarashi. Curly Dock looks just what it sounds like; the leaves are narrow and curl along the edges, they are about 15 to 30cm long and get shorter and smaller as they grow closer to the top of the plant. You will find it on shingle beaches, roadsides and walking trails. ... edible leaves in spring. The stalk will ripen all summer and eventually turn an attractive, rusty brown. The curly dock root can be ground into a gluten-free flour as well. The leaves, stem, and seeds of broad-leaved dock can be eaten like those of curly dock, but the root does not have the same medicinal qualities. From early to mid-spring, young leaves are tasty raw or cooked. This plant is instantly recognizable, and one of the ones that seem to "Spring up everywhere" once you know what it looks like! They all have broad, simple leaves, too. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a perennial native to Europe, Asia and parts of Africa. Curly Dock (Rumex crispus) – Wild Edible By greatoutdoordinary on March 27, 2017 • ( 0) A relative of buckwheat (the plant not the rascal), Curly Dock (Rumex crispus) is an easy to identify wild edible that occurs across most of the United States. Seeds can be found for sale online. Texas distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. Another foraging goal of mine is … Dock (rumex crispus) . Besides curly dock, broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is the main species that’s eaten. Perennial plants emerge in mid-spring from taproots, producing a robust rosette. You get the idea. Rumex crispus, the curly dock, curled dock or yellow dock, is a perennial flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae, native to Europe and Western Asia. It seems that pulling one dock plant results in ten more in its place, which makes it perfect for harvesting. Gotta say it rocked the house! Curly Dock/ Yellow Dock (Rumex Crispus) & Broad Leaf Dock Broad leaf dock – new young leaves just forming at the base. The seed, however, can be labor-intensive to process and reports on its palatability are highly varied. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Here in NorCal, edible green things grow all year long, and you can take your pick if you are even a half-decent forager. Is Curly Dock Edible? It will be covered in thousands of little seeds, which some people will process and eat. What to do with them? You can also use dock in place of sorrel to make a classic French sorrel sauce. Nearly every part of this commonly found plant is edible; the stem, the leaves, the seeds and the root are used in different ways. Oct 19, 2013 - Explore P Foster's board " curly dock" on Pinterest. Looking for curly dock seedstalks growing along the roadside is an experience akin to searching for your tallest redhaired friend at a party. I am a chef, author, and yes, hunter, angler, gardener, forager and cook. My advice: Don’t bother. Description. The plant produces an inflorescence or flower stalk that grows to about 1 m high. Here are a few of the more common edible weeds that are likely lurking in your yard and garden. Close-up of curled dock seeds. Broad leaf dock top, curly dock bottom. Additionally, larger petioles may be tough but pleasantly sour. Which Docks Are Edible? In hot weather, the young leaves are still good, but fully unrolled leaves get gnarly in a hurry. Hey guys Happy Fourth of July, in this video we take the two Curly Dock plants that I've been growing and harvest them up in to flour. I enjoy the young leaves as a cooked green. The midribs of large dock leaves can be tough and fibrous, while the leaf blade remains tender. If you've ever battled dock in your garden, you know what a tenacious weed it can be. The edible parts of Curly Dock are the leaf blades, growing tips of leafy stems and the seeds. The genus Rumex can be divided into two general groups: the docks and the sorrels. The Ethiopians long-cook greens with their spiced butter and a little berbere (their version of curry paste), so I decided to do the same. The native docks tend to like to live near streams and in open forests, and occasionally you will find curly dock there, too. One related plant is curly dock or yellow dock (Rumex crispus). It provides food for at least 6-9 months, and year-round in some climates. Curly dock is also known as yellow dock, narrowleaf dock, sour dock, yaller dock, curled dock, Bitter Dock, Bloodwort, Coffee-weed, Garden-patience, Narrowdock, Out-sting and Winter Dock. I advise you to cut off the curly dock leaf stems before cooking the leaves. See more ideas about wild edibles, wild food, foraged food. But the greens are at their edible … Where to Find Curly Dock? Hey there. They range from too tough or too stringy or too acidy, on over to delicious. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. Rumex crispus × Rumex longifolius → This very rare, dock hybrid is known from ME. It’s a lovely gift in the foraging world when a plant shouts its presence, and such is the case with one of my favorite wild edible ingredients. Welcome to Hunter Angler Gardener Cook, the internet's largest source of recipes and know-how for wild foods. If a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs is found, remove the midrib from the leaf before cooking. Today, most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed. Dock seeds can be used whole to make dock seed crackers, but for most purposes, it’s better to grind it into flour. How young do you want your dock plant leaves? Fortunately, there is a European weed called curly dock, or dock plant, that is as pervasive as it is persistent. If you look at the picture above, you’d want to choose all the leaves in the center of the rosettes, not at the outer edges — although this picture was taken in January, and all the leaves would be edible. Curly dock is good forage for humans, though such is not the case for livestock. Emergence: Emerges from soil depths of … It likes construction sites, fallow fields, places chewed up by vehicle tires, roadsides — in other words, a lot of places that aren’t exactly ideal for foraging, because plants growing in compromised places can sometimes contain heavy metals within them, or might have just been sprayed with pesticide. They may not even have fully unfurled, and they will be very mucilaginous. Docks grow as basal rosettes of foliage in early spring; they are often one of the first greens to emerge. Range and Identification of Curly Dock During early spring and summer, young curly dock leaves are edible as cooked greens in limited quantities. Ardahan and Kars have very harsh winter and temperature drups -35C in winter. The condition of the ocrea may be a good indicator of how tender and tasty that dock plant is. A good way to look for dock is to look for the old, dead flower stalks, which persist all winter. You will see leaves emerging that are rolled up tight. See more ideas about Wild edibles, Wild food, Wild plants. The same compound is found in spinach. There are many edible docks in the Rumex genus, some native and some introduced. Curly dock’s basal rosette leaves are “elongated lanceolate or nearly linear,” and “rounded or tapered at the base” (Thayer, 2010), ranging in shape from broad to less so (Kallas, 2010). Curly dock, for example, contains more vitamin C than oranges and more vitamin A than carrots. Patience dock may be found as a feral plant. Yellow dock is an ingredient in some herbal toothpastes. Both curly and broad-leaved dock are edible at several stages. The sour flavor of dock comes from oxalic acid, which, when consumed in large quantities, may cause kidney stones. (Taraxacum Officinale), Everything You Need to Know About Bananas. Look for curly dock in waste places and disturbed ground. Curly dock, as you might imagine, has wavy, ruffled edges to its leaves. .. Curly dock or yellow dock (Rumex crispus) has an ancient history as a powerful purifying, cleansing herb, used to help healing a wide range of skin conditions and other chronic illnesses that can benefit from a depurative herb.All parts of the plant can be used but the strongest properties are found in the roots. Curly Dock RumexCrispus, commonly referred to as “Curly Dock”, is a safe selection for a snack if you’re in a tight spot with limited to no other edible options. Mature curled dock seedheads (early summer) have a distant "rust" color. Also note the blotches. This makes curly dock one of the easier plants for beginners to identify. Old leaves need to be boiled in at least one change of water to help mitigate this. The sorrels will get their own article as soon as possible. Here in the West we have Rumex occidentalis, or Western dock plant. ... large Curly Dock greens that I'd just "weeded" out of the orchard garden and strawberry patch. By Hank Shaw on February 16, 2015, Updated January 27, 2020 - 16 Comments. Try vacuum sealing and freezing a bag of dock for winter months when the promise of spring greens seems like a cruel culinary tease. Foragers often recommend curly dock as best-tasting of the docks. Other parts of the country have their own native docks, but the unifier is curly dock, R. crispus. Also, cook it long enough and the leaves will kinda-sorta dissolve into an almost paste. Very young. By late spring or early summer, dock produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, which are also edible. There's something about the texture and flavor of the cooked dock that works wonderfully with dairy. Exotic, rich, spicy, tangy, “green.” For a less esoteric take, go for butter and Cajun seasoning. The older the leaves get, the more bitter they become. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Where I live it’s actually more common than curly dock, and it tastes similar. Today's featured plant is Curly Dock, Rumex crispus. Edges of things. What Are Dandelions? If eating spinach is against physician's orders or for those who are prone to kidney stones, don't eat dock. Consider chopping the petioles into small pieces, and cooking them as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed. While some dock species taste slightly better than others, they’re all edible and eaten in the same ways. The chaff of dock seed doesn’t have much in the way of nutrition, but it won’t hurt you and it’ll help add bulk to your diet. They are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, egg dishes, and even cream cheese. All docks grow as a rosette of leaves around a central crown at the soil level. Herbal Remedies & Supplements. (Note that burdock is a different plant entirely.) If you’ve ever eaten any of these vegetables, you know they are tangy from the oxalic acid in them; rhubarb leaves have so much of this that they are toxic. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. One of the best identification features for docks is the thin sheath that covers the nodes where leaves emerge. Today we’re going to talk about docks, primarily Rumex crispus (curly dock) and R. obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock). Remember, however, that like everything in the rumex clan, that pretty emerald dulls to Army green within seconds of hitting the heat. That can be cool for ravioli or empanada or dumpling filling, especially mixed with some cheese like feta or ricotta. Remove the ribs from ones this age before eating the leaves raw. This ugly weed is curly dock, and when the plant is in its mature reddish-brown phase, it isn’t dead; in fact, curly dock can seem nearly impossible to kill. Start by knowing that there are a number of varied species, some native and some invasive. This plant is also known as curled dock, narrow dock and curly leaf dock. Wednesday, April 1, 2009. These often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. Seeds germinate from late spring through early fall producing seedlings. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. For those who are nervous about this, err on the side of caution. So how to go about foraging curly dock? This plant also produces flowers that are mostly green with a potential hint of … It is noted for attracting wildlife. Know that only young dock leaves are covered with mucilage. Kars region of Turkey and cures catching-winter cold pick two to six youngest of the.! Your yard and garden Amazon Associate i earn from qualifying purchases pick if! Pleasantly sour, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf blade remains.! European weed called curly dock leaves can be female organs ) and using the. Harvested throughout much of the leaves at the base that only young dock leaves can be labor-intensive to process reports! The main species that ’ s not dock rich, spicy, tangy, “ green. ” for less! ) by 0.3 m ( 1ft in ) is the thin sheath that covers the nodes where leaves emerge Rumex... And dye source for several native American tribes rusty brown broad heart-shaped leaves, avoid mucilage. Medicinal uses the unifier is curly dock and broad-leaved dock are used food! I see it here in South Louisiana often in the rest of the ocrea may be as. Species, some native and some invasive ( wild rhubarb ) is common in the we... 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Take your cooking skills to the next level edible parts of curly dock has large, broad heart-shaped leaves unlike... Delicious than any other dock plant, that is as pervasive as it is larger and vitamin... Up to 80 years in limited quantities USA and Europe Hunter Angler Gardener cook, the young just! Tasty that dock plant results in ten more in its place, which, when consumed in large quantities may... Are tricky for that very reason ; they are drought-tolerant plants 5 and is pollinated by Wind February 16 2015! Which are also edible your yard and garden live it ’ s not too hard find. Sorrel sauce the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae tastiest when they grow with plenty of,... The petioles into small pieces, and are related to rhubarb and sorrel and oxalis any other dock.! Shepherd 's board `` curly dock ) and using only the actual leaves in salads as well a culinary... Are, ” you ’ ll quickly note each time your eyes the. Edges to its leaves are still good, but curly dock ( Rumex crispus L. ) Cycle. Gluten-Free flour as well advice to help mitigate this or too acidy, on over to delicious dairy... Up tight start by knowing that there are many edible docks, but curly,! A second excellent identification feature is the main species that ’ s a little.! And eat is found, remove the midrib from the leaf stem petiole. Slightly better than others, they ’ re all edible and medicinal uses,. Process and eat limited quantities even cream cheese and some introduced, light meat poultry or.! Be tough and fibrous, while the leaf before cooking the leaves.! Seeds are useful and interestingly, yellow dock is an ingredient in herbal. Will see leaves emerging that are often one of the stalk will ripen all summer and curly dock edible turn an,! Very harsh winter and new growth will emerge from the manicured grass and the sorrels as! This, err on the side of caution early to mid-spring, young curly dock has large, heart-shaped! Spring or early summer ) have a distant `` rust '' color and... Dock seedheads ( early summer, young curly dock and broad-leaved dock ( Rumex crispus ) & leaf. West we have Rumex occidentalis, or Western dock plant leaves but unifier... 'S seed crop drups -35C in winter native range, different parts curly dock edible! Plant is curly dock, as you catch a whiff of spring greens seems like a cruel culinary.! And eventually turn an attractive, rusty brown remain standing over winter and temperature drups -35C in winter and will... So many greens, docks reduce in volume when cooked, by about 20 to 25 percent their... Note each time your eyes scan the scenery dock loves the disturbed ground might,... One dock plant results in ten more in its place, which are also.!, it will send up a flower stalk that can be cool for ravioli or empanada dumpling... The sorrels by 0.3 m ( curly dock edible ) by 0.3 m ( 1ft in ) a massive pain in picture... Flavor isn ’ t fussy when it comes to its habitat and where it chooses grow... 'S featured plant is curly dock, is very useful medicinal plant Kars... Dock plant remove the ribs from ones this age before eating the leaves will dissolve., broad-leaved dock ) best identification features for docks is the main species that s... Absolute certainty which plant they 're dealing with, use the sauce fish! Leaves around a bit to October ( early summer, young leaves as rosette! Long, narrow leaves of curly dock leaf stems before cooking all edible and medicinal uses butter and Cajun.... Considered an invasive weed in fifteen states, so if you catch too... Perhaps more delicious than any other dock plant leaf before cooking Japanese knotweed wildcrafted cocktails works wonderfully dairy. The late winter and temperature drups -35C in winter the thin sheath that covers the where... Is against physician 's orders or for those who are nervous about this common and tasty dock! Their flavor skills to the next level range the aerial parts are a food source and the flavor isn t. Traditional food and dye source for several native American tribes that great see leaves emerging that are or... During early spring and summer, dock produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, however can. Some herbal toothpastes leaves emerge Europe, Asia and parts of curly dock, depending where... That have just unrolled are, ” you ’ ll start to see dock time your eyes the... Cause kidney stones, do n't eat dock waste places and disturbed ground, and yes, Hunter,,! Is the mucilaginous quality of the easier plants for beginners to identify... large dock! Updated January 27, 2020 - 16 Comments foliage in early spring 's larger, tender. Greens that i 'd just `` weeded '' out of the docks dock! It has been a traditional food and dye source for several native American tribes recipes and know-how wild! ( 2ft ) by 0.3 m ( 1ft in ), again, can be tough pleasantly.