Atlas of living Australia Database, Species profile: Digitaria eriantha. It is important to rest the grass pasture from January so as to allow it to grow for the rest of the season. Normally it is the grass seedhead that will be infected and only under humid conditions. It often has long, hairy stolons. Distinguishing features. Attracts mammals and birds once it flowers. In Taiwan, the pangola grass is grown on slopes angled at about 10-14 degrees. This grass demonstrates great potential for farmers in Africa in subtropical and tropical climates, mostly for livestock feed. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). The right time to cut the inflorescence is when the seedhead colour changes from bluish purple to a grey and the lower seeds on the inflorescence have started dropping. However, seeds are better adapted to sandy loam soils compared to heavier soils because seedling establishment is easier. Stolons and rhizomes enable plants to Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. [8] Therefore, though D. eriantha can be stored quite easily, it loses crude protein over time. General information about Digitaria eriantha (DIGER) Southern Africa. – pangolagrass : Species: Digitaria eriostachya Mez ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . [5] Symptoms of an infected grass are: "stunting, yellowing, reddening, twisting of leaves, swelling of small veins, and excessive tillering". The best height to keep the grass at is between 10–15 cm and 30–40 cm. About 36 naturalized and indigenous species occur in southern Africa. Synonyms: Digitaria livida Henrard Digitaria nemoralis Henrard : Common names: Frequency: Status: Description: A tightly caespitose perennial, often provided with well developed runners; base surrounded by hairy cataphylls and old leaf sheath remnants. A synopsis of Digitaria (Paniceae, Panicoideae, Poaceae) in Mexico, including the new species Digitaria michoacensis Acta Botanica Mexicana 101: 127-149. The leaf sheaths are hairless (glabrous) or sparsely covered with tuberculose hairs. Digitaria eriantha. Digitaria eriantha is a fast-growing, perennial, sometimes stoloniferous, tufted grass, 350–1400 mm high. It grows relatively well in various soils, but grows especially well in moist soils. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. Common names Pangolagras in German capim-pangola in Portuguese common finger grass in English digit grass in English digitaria in French pangola in Spanish pangola grass in English pangolagrass in language. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: The species epithet eriantha comes from the Greek erio, meaning ‘woolly’ and anthos, meaning ‘flower’, and refers to the hairs on the spikelets. Soil requirements. Digitaria. Agr., Agr. eriantha. There are insects and pests affecting Digitaria eriantha, they are as follows: spittlebugs (Tomaspis flavopicta, T. humeralis, Prosapia bicincta. stolonifera Stapf, in Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. Today it is distributed in many humid subtropical and tropical areas. Pangola grass as forage for ruminant animals: a review. The harvested material is then spread under cover on a cement floor for further drying, after which a tractor is driven backwards and forwards over the cut material, so as to let the seed drop to the floor. When it seeds it attracts a multitude of small birds. ), Rhodes grass mealy bug (Antonina graminis), chinch bug (Blissus leucopterus), sugar-cane aphid (Sipha flava), armyworms, root-knot nematodes and smut fungi. Common names Pangolagras in German capim-pangola in Portuguese common finger grass in English digit grass in English digitaria in French pangola in Spanish pangola grass in English pangolagrass in language. The rhizome is short, robust, knotty, unbranched. Digitaria eriantha Steud. As it grows fairly quickly with sufficient sunshine, it preferably needs to be grazed every 2 to 3 weeks. Digitaria. Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. Digitaria eriantha is a hardy, evergreen tall grass. When reproducing by seeds, avoidance of competition in the early stages is needed. It forms the very basis of many ecosystems and all animals are therefore either directly or indirectly dependent of them for survival. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Hughes APNI* Description: Erect caespitose perennial to 1.5 m high, ± villous at the base. 2015. Tufted types generally combine well with other crops, more specifically legumes. There are no common names associated with this taxon. Ethnobotany. Plant Type: Grass. Strelitzia 36: 271–276. Grass, perennial, tufted 40-120 cm tall. Moore, G, Sanford, P & Wiley, T., 2006. Van Oudtshoorn, F. 1999. Once established, seedlings can grow vigorously on clay soils. The best known cultivar is ‘Smuts finger grass’ in southern Africa. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Digitaria (family Poaceae). Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. The best yields have been recorded from full sun or well-drained, moist soils. Leistner, O.A. The estimated appropriate soil pH is >4.2. The branched or unbranched culms are mostly hairless and their joints are usually brownish. [5] The lowest basal leaf sheaths are densely hairy, or very rarely smooth. 1930, non A. Camus 1927. pentzii (Stent) Kok: woolly fingergrass (2) Leaf sheaths remain at base of stem and clasp it, thus giving it a woolly appearance. [5] Each inflorescence typically has six or seven spicate branches, each of which carries numerous florets. It is very palatable for livestock and it is also reported as an excellent species for beef and milk production. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 408965) with original publication details: Flora 12: 468 1829. It is native in southern Africa, but cultivated as a pasture grass in other countries. ssp. Cap. It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. ), Rhodes grass mealy bug (Antonina graminis), chinch bug (Blissus leucopterus), sugar-cane aphid (Sipha flava), armyworms, root-knot nematodes and smut fungi. https://wildflowernursery.co.za/indigenous-plant-database/digitaria-eriantha/ Accessed on 31 January 2020. Digitaria eriantha Steud. The sufficient amount of nitrogen fertilizer is estimated at between 100 and 300 kg/ha N.[5] This amount should be applied at different times, rather than a single application at the start of the season. Since the seed is fairly expensive, farmers are advised to produce their own seed so that further establishment can be made from their own seed supply. U.S. Dept. Leaves with sheath often ± villous; ligule 2–5 mm long; blade mostly 2–5 mm wide, but can be > 10 mm wide. Utilized as standing hay or silage making, mostly with nitrogen fertilization rather than a companion legume. It grows relatively well in various soils, but grows especially well in moist soils. Infraspecies recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. (2012). The seed can be put through further cleaning processes, but all waste material can be scattered over poor patches in the grass. Fish, L. & Victor, J.E. transvaalensis Kok, Digitaria eriantha Steud. stolonifera Digitaria eriantha Steudel, var. The sufficient amount of nitrogen fertilizer is estimated at between 100 and 300 kg/ha N. This amount should be applied at different times, rather than a single application at the start of the season. The grass responds well to nitrogen and will persist on infertile soils, but yields will be low. Digitaria eriantha subsp. subsp. pentzii (Stent) Kok Synonym according to EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life ssp. Digitaria eriantha, commonly known as digitgrass[3] or Pangola-grass,[4] is a grass grown in tropical and subtropical climates. Digitus is the Latin word for "finger", and they are distinguished by the long, finger-like inflorescences they produce. Seeds are usually not viable or have low percentage viability. GeoLocate (Tulane) Glossary. Most serious disease affecting Digit grass is pangola stunt virus (PSV), which is a dwarfing disease that has reduced the usefulness of the grass. Acacia koa koa 47 Acacia koaia koai‘a 47 Acacia mangium mangium 47 Acalypha wilkensiana beefsteak 47 Ajuga reptans carpet bugle 47 Aleurites moluccana kukui, lama, lumbang, sakan, raguar, candlenut tree 47 Alpinia zerumbet shell ginger 47 Arachis glabrata forage peanut 48 Arachis pintoi cv. Paniceae. [5] This grass grows a dense tussock with extended stolons, which are covered with hairs or without hairs. Digitaria monodactyla. Common name(s) Pangola Grass. Seeds are small, and have a seed count of 3.3 million seeds/kg. Digitaria parviflora (R.Br.) The seeds require a clean seedbed for establishment and all seed needs to be evenly distributed when sowing in order to reduce competition in their early stages. This grass thrives in warm, moist environments, where it will generally grow very quickly. 'Pangola' Digitaria pentziiStent Common in disturbed areas and abandoned cultivations. The leaf blade is 50–400 × 2–14 mm; the blade is spreading, long, narrow, glabrous or hairy. View. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Digitaria glauca Digitaria glauca Stent, Bothalia 3: 151. English: common finger grass, digit grass; pangola grass, pongola finger grass, pongola grass (D. decumbens); woolly finger grass (D. eriantha, D. pentzii, D. setivalva); smuts finger grass (D. smutsii); giant pangola grass (D. valida) Digitaria eriantha Steud. It mainly grows in undisturbed veld. Datasheet: Digitaria eriantha. Digitaria eriantha var. It is often considered to be one of the higher quality tropical grasses (Cook et al., 2005). Woolly finger grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud. "Digitaria eriantha" Tropical Forages, Retrieved 2013-11-14. It remains palatable until late in the winter and is often utilised as standing hay. It has simple, broad leaves. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Digitaria (family Poaceae). Latin Name : Digitaria Eriantha Uses : Common Finger Grass is a highly palatable grass that is regarded as one of the best natural and cultivated pastures in Southern Africa -- the best known cultivar is Smuts Finger Grass. Synonyms: Digitaria livida Henrard Digitaria nemoralis Henrard : Common names: Frequency: Status: Description: A tightly caespitose perennial, often provided with well developed runners; base surrounded by hairy cataphylls and old leaf sheath remnants. D. milanjiana is mostly found on lighter soils (sands, sandy loam, loams and clay loams) rarely on heavy black clays (vertisols). Grasses. [7] Typically per 100 g, the forage contains 10.8 g of protein, 2.0 g of fat, 74.4 g of carbohydrate, 29.8 g of fiber, 450 mg of calcium and 350 mg of phosphorus. [5] In sunny climates, like Sub-Saharan Africa, D. eriantha would grow well due to heavy sunlight and low shade. Digitaria eriantha Steud. Digitaria eriantha (Common Finger Grass) is a species of perennial grass in the family True grasses. [5] D. eriantha can also be used to suppress weeds. Digitaria eriantha is a perennial grass. Family: Poaceae. ... Digitaria commutata subsp. Amarillo forage peanut 48 Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. This is a great advantage for poor farmers with soils that are prone to many weeds that can be difficult to control. It attract birds. Digitaria decumbens Stent Digitaria eriantha Steud. Most yields harvested in the fall were lower in protein, but application of nitrogen 3 weeks before grazing increased digestible crude protein and consumption rates. ssp. A synopsis of Digitaria (Paniceae, Panicoideae, Poaceae) in Mexico, including the new species Digitaria michoacensis Acta Botanica Mexicana 101: 127-149. Usually digit grass is used for hay and pasture. There are many others names for D. eriantha, such as common finger grass, digit grass, pangola grass, woolly finger grass (English), digitaria (French), pangolagras (German) and pangola, pasto pangola (Spanish). The estimated appropriate soil pH is >4.2. In the cool season, a 60-day rotation is recommended for high production. It remains palatable until late in the winter and is often utilised as standing hay. Digitaria eriantha: common name details from PIER. [5] Weeds are typically suppressed. Digitaria eriantha reproduces by means of seeds, and also vegetatively through stolons, its creeping runners. pentzii. DNA Specimen Search. This grass is tolerant of drought, but low rainfall is the main limiting factor for production range and yield. Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin. It remains palatable until late in the winter and is often utilised as standing hay. transvaalensis Kok, Bothalia 13: 457. 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