By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. This phenomenon of ocean grabbing dispossesses marine resources and spaces that fishers and coastal communities depend on. Posted on: 29 January 2016 In this day and age, renewable resources and green friendly activities are crucial in every industry. Land reclamation is one of the main areas of interest for the dredging industry. Disadvantages: Much greenery has been removed in order for the land needed. Because it gives greater stability to gross harvests and to agriculture in general, land reclamation is very important to this branch of the national economy. Each Share makes a difference and potentially gets our article in front of many times the number without shares. More turbulent waters can decrease sunlight and affect marine photosynthesis, and polluting substances can be consumed by smaller fish and increase the food web’s toxicity. Land reclamation method depends on factors such as types of equipment available, type of coastal soil or sand, the topography of the ocean bed or even intended use of the reclaimed land. Low oxygen levels can create “dead zones,” which will suffocate marine life and cause others to flee the area. Land reclamation can be achieved by poldering or by raising the elevation of a seabed or riverbed or low-lying land by: dry earth movement; or; hydraulic filling. In 2018, the Hong Kong government announced its latest massive land reclamation project – the “Lantau Tomorrow Vision” plan. The government managed to assuage concerns by introducing a payment scheme that invited private sector enterprises to claim ownership of reclaimed land in exchange for paying for the reclamation of the land, thus driving development policy through private capital. Land reclamation policy reflected this transition, as projects such as expansion into Victoria Harbour, growth of the city’s port and building a new international airport gained traction. A review of environmental statements and government guidance enabled the compilation of a comprehensive checklist of factors associated with reclamation. On the topic of Hong Kong’s developmental policy taking precedence over conservation efforts, Dr. Lam stated: “Hong Kong likes to adopt the ‘development first, conservation later’ approach. Concerns over reclamation projects in Victoria Harbour have also addressed the potential for, and water body shrinkage, the harbour is now in fact, shrunk to less than half of its original width. PDF | On Dec 2, 2011, Ayed Ghaleb published The impact of land reclamation on natural vegetation | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Dec. 10 2018. Natural factors such as floods and storms make it necessary to perform reclamation acts to mitigate them. Additionally, these artificial islands could decelerate currents around Stonecutters Island to the north, where a treatment plant discharges waste water from the city’s central urban areas. Early reclamation projects elicited public resistance from waterfront landowners and seaside trading firms with docking rights. Since 1973, the government has established nine new towns, complete with private and public housing, transportation infrastructure and commercial centres. , leading to concerns over greater biodiversity and habitat loss for niche species. Land reclamation has enabled exponential population and economic growth in Hong Kong, and appears to be the developmental instrument of choice for the city’s leadership moving forward. The land reclamation is important because brownfield development is one solution to the problem of the scarcity of land in the city center. Reclaimed property is often restored to something resembling a natural state, though it can also be repurposed. The simplest method of land reclamation involves simply filling the area with large amounts of heavy rock and/or cement, then filling with clay and soil until the desired height is reached. The project has revived environmental concerns over land reclamation and has elicited criticism towards a perceived misuse of the city’s fiscal resources. Reclaimed land supports many of the city’s landmarks, including Hong Kong Island’s iconic skyline. This is where the importance of reclamation comes in. It aims to replicate Central’s functions too: the business district will host an extensive transportation network that connects with Central on Hong Kong island, enabling high value-added logistics and business services on par with the development of the Greater Bay Area market. The Marmara sea has reached 80 % as of 2014 of creating new land where there was before... 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